Current video surveillance data collection practices use local DVR or NAS storage systems
The LTO Program discusses how organizations are struggling to balance the
benefit of video surveillance with high costs and increasing legal parameters

We live in a world where there is an increasing need for video surveillance for crime prevention and public security and safety. Video surveillance is being used in greater quantity and with higher quality expectations in airports, cities and workplaces around the globe. In fact, the average person is reportedly caught on a surveillance recording more than 75 times per day.

From security camera footage to body cameras, this system of surveillance is also producing gigantic amounts of data daily. A day of video surveillance, for example, is estimated to be collecting more than 500 petabytes (PB) of data. And this number is increasing. According to a recent IHS Technologies report, future estimates show that by 2019 data will grow to over 2,500 petabytes daily. Organizations and governments are struggling to balance the benefit of video surveillance with the high costs, resources and increasing legal parameters being developed.

How Is Video Surveillance Used Today?

Body cameras and surveillance footage have been in the news nearly every day over the past few years, and have played a huge role in many high profile cases. For example, the role of video in law enforcement was invaluable in bringing the 2013 Boston Marathon bombers to justice. Following the 2014 shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, law enforcement agencies across the country integrated body cameras into their organizations, adding to the existing use of patrol car cameras. And with tighter security in airports, many airports are installing close to 20,000 cameras throughout their terminals. However, footage of fatal shootings, for example, is often cut or edited, and occasionally lost due to poor storage handling or lack of security. New regulations are being implemented to combat these issues, calling for surveillance videos to be retained for longer periods of time and in some cases indefinitely.

Where is all of this video going? Who is responsible for maintaining that critical footage over long periods of time, and ensuring the data is safe and easy to access when needed? 

But where is all of this video going? Who is responsible for maintaining that critical footage over long periods of time, and ensuring the data is safe and easy to access when needed? What is the true cost of this system? And what does it mean for the future of the video surveillance industry as more and more video is captured? The main challenges facing organizations grappling with the increase of video surveillance are the amount of video being captured, how to store it for infinite amounts of time and the cost to maintain this storage.

How Much Video is there?

As with most industries, data collection is used to retain data for legal purposes and future analytics. When thinking about the industry verticals that use video surveillance, the amount of data is endless. Let’s look at one example – airports. Thinking about the 20,000 cameras at a typical international airport, and assuming the airport is using 15 frame NTSC video capture, that’s 5.3 PB of data per day! Even if the data frame rate is reduced to 3 frames per second, that’s still 1 PB of data daily and 30 PB of data each month. There’s no questioning the enormous amount of data being captured.

Now let’s think about how long this video needs to be stored. Airport guidelines require any “event” to be stored for seven or more years! An “event” includes theft, reported injuries and any conflicts. These “events” happen anywhere between 20 to 40 times per day. For the purposes of estimating the amount of data these “events” produce, let’s assume the following - if each “event” is ten minutes long and captured on at least ten cameras, that’s about 18 GB of data that needs to be kept for seven plus years. With 20 to 40 of these occurrences happening daily, that’s 360-720 GB per day!

Current data collection practices tend to be locally stored on-site or sent to cloud storage. In many video surveillance environments, it is common to use local DVR or NAS storage systems.

This large amount of daily data is an insurance of sorts for the airport and sometimes individuals involved in the incident and some feel that the benefits of having this video surveillance justifies the cost of managing the data.

What is the true cost of storage?

In every industry, video surveillance helps protect an organization from liability. But what is the cost for this insurance? Where should industry leaders turn to get the most out of this investment? Should they choose disk, cloud or tape?

Let’s take a look at the costs of storing all this video data. Assuming that only ten percent of the video will ever be looked at, the total cost of ownership has been calculated below (Figure 1).

LTFS allows data to be viewed in the same way that it is seen on a disk system

Figure 1: Total Cost of Ownership Long Term (cloud data was pulled based
on the public pricing provided by both Google and Amazon)

In this comparison, the Object Storage JBOD is given the benefit of the lowest cost open compute type storage. This comparison also takes into account having management of tape and object storage technology on-site, which increased the cost, but gives a more realistic representation of pricing.

It is clear that tape technology is the lowest cost storage solution for digital data. With the introduction of the Linear Tape File System (LTFS) the system is easier to use than ever

It is clear that tape technology is the lowest cost storage solution for digital data. With the introduction of the Linear Tape File System (LTFS) the system is easier to use than ever. In relation to the surveillance industry, LTFS allows data to be viewed in the same way that it is seen on a disk system. Working with LTO tape technology, LTFS allows tape to be self-describing and improves archive management. Utilising data from an LTO tape solution is now as simple as dragging and dropping the files.

In order to create savings for consumers and lower company bottom lines, surveillance and security industry professionals need to embrace low cost solutions for increasing storage needs. With legal requirements mounting, it is imperative that a lower cost solution be implemented to keep data secure, easily accessible and stored for long periods of time.

How can the industry adapt to this new wave of data?

The video surveillance and security industry are looking at increasing data needs and with it comes new challenges and regulations. Industry leaders are going to need to address this data wave head first with sustainable, long-term solutions. Video surveillance is the security solution of the future and will continue to be used to protect and serve communities globally.

 

By The LTO Program, a consortium of representatives setting standards and specifications for Linear Tape-Open storage technology, overseen by Hewlett Packard Enterprise, IBM and Quantum.

By The LTO Program is a consortium of representatives setting standards and specifications for Linear Tape-Open storage technology, overseen by Hewlett Packard Enterprise, IBM and Quantum.

 

Download PDF version

In case you missed it

BCDVideo Signs OEM Deal With Dell EMC: Positive Impact For Surveillance Storage
BCDVideo Signs OEM Deal With Dell EMC: Positive Impact For Surveillance Storage

In a significant move for the video security market, BCDVideo has announced that it is set to become Dell EMC’s OEM partner in the video surveillance space. For nearly a decade, the Chicago-based company has been known as a key OEM partner of Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE), providing storage and networking technology to security integrators on a global scale. This latest partnership will allow BCDVideo to take their offerings to the next level. BCDVideo Vice President Tom Larson spoke to SecurityInformed.com to discuss the reasoning behind the deal, and how the program will benefit partners, integrators, and end-users alike. Expanding BCDVideo's Product Offering For BCDVideo, the HPE OEM program has been widely acknowledged as a success, allowing the company to leverage a globally recognized brand and provide high-quality, reliable solutions across video networking and access control. Nevertheless, explains Larson, HPE server solutions are primarily suited to large-scale enterprise projects, and are therefore unable to accommodate for the growth in small- and medium-sized surveillance applications. The global collaboration with Dell EMC will allow BCDVideo to open up a broader product offering, building on success in the larger enterprise market to offer tailored solutions to SMEs. Our aim is to look at all best of breed technology to serve the video surveillance marketplace, and that means multiple partnerships” Support For Integrators By leveraging Dell EMC’s sophisticated digital storage platforms, BCDVideo will now be able to offer a more cost-effective solution to integrators, without sacrificing the resilience and IT-level service that BCDVideo is known for. With access to Dell EMC’s expansive global sales and technical teams, the company hopes to expand its reach, all-the-while providing partners with around-the-clock technical support and a five-year on-site warranty. Customers should be reassured that BCDVideo will continue to offer HPE platforms, service, and support. “Our aim is to look at all best-of-breed technology to serve the video surveillance marketplace, and that means multiple partnerships,” says Larson.  “The addition of Dell EMC to our portfolio is a major win for BCDVideo, for Dell EMC, and for our integrators.” The global collaboration with Dell EMC will allow BCDVideo to open up a broader product offering Meeting Surveillance Market Demands At the technology level, assures Larson, Dell EMC’s server offering is well suited to handle the increasing video resolution and growing camera count demanded by the surveillance industry. At the larger end of the spectrum, the company’s Isilon Scale-Out NAS solution can handle tens of petabytes of data, making it ideal for large-scale security applications such as city-wide surveillance and airport security. Dell EMC storage solutions are already proving successful at major international airports including Dubai and Abu Dhabi, each with a camera count in the 1000s.Dell EMC and BCDVideo together are ensuring our customers get the right solutions designed for the surveillance market” For Dell EMC, the new partnership means the ability to expand on this success in the enterprise market, leveraging BCDVideo’s surveillance expertise and high-level customer service to offer tailored solutions for lower-volume applications. Since its inception, BCDVideo has differentiated itself in the security space by providing a high level of IT service to integrators making the transition to IP systems. By combining resources, the partners will be able to service VMS and analytics companies, software vendors, and access control providers, as well as traditional business integrators. Ken Mills, General Manager Dell EMC Surveillance, explains: “Surveillance storage is not just about capacity, it is also about performance and reliability. Dell EMC and BCDVideo together are ensuring our customers get the right solutions designed for the surveillance market.” Accomodating For Growth BCDVideo is well placed to accommodate this anticipated growth. Last year, the company opened a new 51,000-square-foot global headquarters in Illinois, home to 90 separate stations within their Innovation Center where each system is customised according to integrator needs. The new facility allows for expanding business with new and existing partners in the security market.

How To Prepare For Active Shooter Incidents | Infographic
How To Prepare For Active Shooter Incidents | Infographic

This Active Shooter infographic summarises information about trends among active shooter incidents, and outlines how an organization can develop a plan before tragedy occurs, including:   Statistics on the numbers and types of recent active shooter incidents. A profile of common traits among active shooters. How to prepare beforehand, and what to do when the police arrive. How organizational planning ensures maximum preparedness. Pre-attack indicators to look for. Be sure to share this information with coworkers and managers. Awareness is key to preventing active shooter incidents, and to minimising their tragic consequences. When sharing this infographic on your website, please include attribution to  SecurityInformed.com More resources for active shooter preparedness: How hospitals can prepare for active shooter attacks Six steps to survive a mass shooting Technologies to manage emergency lockdowns  How robots can check for active shooters  Background checks to minimise insider threats Gunfire detection technologies for hospitals, retail and office buildings 21 ways to prevent workplace violence in your organisation Non-invasive security strategies for public spaces    

How Should Your Security Company Measure Total Cost Of Ownership (TCO)?
How Should Your Security Company Measure Total Cost Of Ownership (TCO)?

How much does a security system cost? We all know that total costs associated with systems are substantially higher than the “price tag.” There are many elements, tangible and intangible, that contribute to the costs of owning and operating a system. Taking a broad view and finding ways to measure these additional costs enables integrators and users to get the most value from a system at the lowest total cost of ownership (TCO). However, measuring TCO can be easier said than done. We asked this week’s Expert Panel Roundtable to share the benefit of their collective expertise on the subject. Specifically, we asked: How should integrators and/or end users measure total cost of ownership (TCO) when quantifying the value of security systems?