Current video surveillance data collection practices use local DVR or NAS storage systems
The LTO Program discusses how organizations are struggling to balance the
benefit of video surveillance with high costs and increasing legal parameters

We live in a world where there is an increasing need for video surveillance for crime prevention and public security and safety. Video surveillance is being used in greater quantity and with higher quality expectations in airports, cities and workplaces around the globe. In fact, the average person is reportedly caught on a surveillance recording more than 75 times per day.

From security camera footage to body cameras, this system of surveillance is also producing gigantic amounts of data daily. A day of video surveillance, for example, is estimated to be collecting more than 500 petabytes (PB) of data. And this number is increasing. According to a recent IHS Technologies report, future estimates show that by 2019 data will grow to over 2,500 petabytes daily. Organizations and governments are struggling to balance the benefit of video surveillance with the high costs, resources and increasing legal parameters being developed.

How Is Video Surveillance Used Today?

Body cameras and surveillance footage have been in the news nearly every day over the past few years, and have played a huge role in many high profile cases. For example, the role of video in law enforcement was invaluable in bringing the 2013 Boston Marathon bombers to justice. Following the 2014 shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, law enforcement agencies across the country integrated body cameras into their organizations, adding to the existing use of patrol car cameras. And with tighter security in airports, many airports are installing close to 20,000 cameras throughout their terminals. However, footage of fatal shootings, for example, is often cut or edited, and occasionally lost due to poor storage handling or lack of security. New regulations are being implemented to combat these issues, calling for surveillance videos to be retained for longer periods of time and in some cases indefinitely.

Where is all of this video going? Who is responsible for maintaining that critical footage over long periods of time, and ensuring the data is safe and easy to access when needed? 

But where is all of this video going? Who is responsible for maintaining that critical footage over long periods of time, and ensuring the data is safe and easy to access when needed? What is the true cost of this system? And what does it mean for the future of the video surveillance industry as more and more video is captured? The main challenges facing organizations grappling with the increase of video surveillance are the amount of video being captured, how to store it for infinite amounts of time and the cost to maintain this storage.

How Much Video is there?

As with most industries, data collection is used to retain data for legal purposes and future analytics. When thinking about the industry verticals that use video surveillance, the amount of data is endless. Let’s look at one example – airports. Thinking about the 20,000 cameras at a typical international airport, and assuming the airport is using 15 frame NTSC video capture, that’s 5.3 PB of data per day! Even if the data frame rate is reduced to 3 frames per second, that’s still 1 PB of data daily and 30 PB of data each month. There’s no questioning the enormous amount of data being captured.

Now let’s think about how long this video needs to be stored. Airport guidelines require any “event” to be stored for seven or more years! An “event” includes theft, reported injuries and any conflicts. These “events” happen anywhere between 20 to 40 times per day. For the purposes of estimating the amount of data these “events” produce, let’s assume the following - if each “event” is ten minutes long and captured on at least ten cameras, that’s about 18 GB of data that needs to be kept for seven plus years. With 20 to 40 of these occurrences happening daily, that’s 360-720 GB per day!

Current data collection practices tend to be locally stored on-site or sent to cloud storage. In many video surveillance environments, it is common to use local DVR or NAS storage systems.

This large amount of daily data is an insurance of sorts for the airport and sometimes individuals involved in the incident and some feel that the benefits of having this video surveillance justifies the cost of managing the data.

What is the true cost of storage?

In every industry, video surveillance helps protect an organization from liability. But what is the cost for this insurance? Where should industry leaders turn to get the most out of this investment? Should they choose disk, cloud or tape?

Let’s take a look at the costs of storing all this video data. Assuming that only ten percent of the video will ever be looked at, the total cost of ownership has been calculated below (Figure 1).

LTFS allows data to be viewed in the same way that it is seen on a disk system

Figure 1: Total Cost of Ownership Long Term (cloud data was pulled based
on the public pricing provided by both Google and Amazon)

In this comparison, the Object Storage JBOD is given the benefit of the lowest cost open compute type storage. This comparison also takes into account having management of tape and object storage technology on-site, which increased the cost, but gives a more realistic representation of pricing.

It is clear that tape technology is the lowest cost storage solution for digital data. With the introduction of the Linear Tape File System (LTFS) the system is easier to use than ever

It is clear that tape technology is the lowest cost storage solution for digital data. With the introduction of the Linear Tape File System (LTFS) the system is easier to use than ever. In relation to the surveillance industry, LTFS allows data to be viewed in the same way that it is seen on a disk system. Working with LTO tape technology, LTFS allows tape to be self-describing and improves archive management. Utilising data from an LTO tape solution is now as simple as dragging and dropping the files.

In order to create savings for consumers and lower company bottom lines, surveillance and security industry professionals need to embrace low cost solutions for increasing storage needs. With legal requirements mounting, it is imperative that a lower cost solution be implemented to keep data secure, easily accessible and stored for long periods of time.

How can the industry adapt to this new wave of data?

The video surveillance and security industry are looking at increasing data needs and with it comes new challenges and regulations. Industry leaders are going to need to address this data wave head first with sustainable, long-term solutions. Video surveillance is the security solution of the future and will continue to be used to protect and serve communities globally.

 

By The LTO Program, a consortium of representatives setting standards and specifications for Linear Tape-Open storage technology, overseen by Hewlett Packard Enterprise, IBM and Quantum.

By The LTO Program is a consortium of representatives setting standards and specifications for Linear Tape-Open storage technology, overseen by Hewlett Packard Enterprise, IBM and Quantum.

 

Share with LinkedIn Share with Twitter Share with Facebook Share with Facebook
Download PDF version Download PDF version

In case you missed it

New Markets For AI-Powered Smart Cameras In 2021
New Markets For AI-Powered Smart Cameras In 2021

Organizations faced a number of unforeseen challenges in nearly every business sector throughout 2020 – and continuing into 2021. Until now, businesses have been on the defensive, reacting to the shifting workforce and economic conditions, however, COVID-19 proved to be a catalyst for some to accelerate their long-term technology and digitalization plans. This is now giving decision-makers the chance to take a proactive approach to mitigate current and post-pandemic risks. These long-term technology solutions can be used for today’s new world of social distancing and face mask policies and flexibly repurposed for tomorrow’s renewed focus on efficiency and business optimization. For many, this emphasis on optimization will likely be precipitated by not only the resulting economic impacts of the pandemic but also the growing sophistication and maturity of technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML), technologies that are coming of age just when they seem to be needed the most.COVID-19 proved to be a catalyst for some to accelerate their long-term technology and digitalization plans Combined with today’s cutting-edge computer vision capabilities, AI and ML have produced smart cameras that have enabled organizations to more easily implement and comply with new health and safety requirements. Smart cameras equipped with AI-enabled intelligent video analytic applications can also be used in a variety of use cases that take into account traditional security applications, as well as business or operational optimization, uses – all on a single camera. As the applications for video analytics become more and more mainstream - providing valuable insights to a variety of industries - 2021 will be a year to explore new areas of use for AI-powered cameras. Optimizing production workflows and product quality in agriculture Surveillance and monitoring technologies are offering value to industries such as agriculture by providing a cost-effective solution for monitoring of crops, business assets and optimizing production processes. As many in the agriculture sector seek to find new technologies to assist in reducing energy usage, as well as reduce the environmental strain of modern farming, they can find an unusual ally in smart surveillance. Some niche farming organizations are already implementing AI solutions to monitor crops for peak production freshness in order to reduce waste and increase product quality.  For users who face environmental threats, such as mold, parasites, or other insects, smart surveillance monitoring can assist in the early identification of these pests and notify proper personnel before damage has occurred. They can also monitor vast amounts of livestock in fields to ensure safety from predators or to identify if an animal is injured. Using video monitoring in the growing environment as well as along the supply chain can also prove valuable to large-scale agriculture production. Applications can track and manage inventory in real-time, improving knowledge of high-demand items and allowing for better supply chain planning, further reducing potential spoilage. Efficient monitoring in manufacturing and logistics New challenges have arisen in the transportation and logistics sector, with the industry experiencing global growth. While security and operational requirements are changing, smart surveillance offers an entirely new way to monitor and control the physical side of logistics, correcting problems that often go undetected by the human eye, but have a significant impact on the overall customer experience. Smart surveillance offers an entirely new way to monitor and control the physical side of logistics, correcting problems that often go undetected by the human eye. Video analytics can assist logistic service providers in successfully delivering the correct product to the right location and customer in its original condition, which normally requires the supply chain to be both secure and ultra-efficient. The latest camera technology and intelligent software algorithms can analyze footage directly on the camera – detecting a damaged package at the loading dock before it is loaded onto a truck for delivery. When shipments come in, smart cameras can also alert drivers of empty loading bays available for offloading or alert facility staff of potential blockages or hazards for incoming and outgoing vehicles that could delay delivery schedules planned down to the minute. For monitoring and detecting specific vehicles, computer vision in combination with video analysis enables security cameras to streamline access control measures with license plate recognition. Smart cameras equipped with this technology can identify incoming and outgoing trucks - ensuring that only authorized vehicles gain access to transfer points or warehouses. Enhance regulatory safety measures in industrial settings  Smart surveillance and AI-enabled applications can be used to ensure compliance with organizational or regulatory safety measures in industrial environments. Object detection apps can identify if employees are wearing proper safety gear, such as facial coverings, hard hats, or lifting belts. Similar to the prevention of break-ins and theft, cameras equipped with behavior detection can help to automatically recognize accidents at an early stage. For example, if a worker falls to the ground or is hit by a falling object, the system recognizes this as unusual behavior and reports it immediately. Going beyond employee safety is the ability to use this technology for vital preventative maintenance on machinery and structures. A camera can identify potential safety hazards, such as a loose cable causing sparks, potential wiring hazards, or even detect defects in raw materials. Other more subtle changes, such as gradual structural shifts/crack or increases in vibrations – ones that would take the human eye months or years to discover – are detectable by smart cameras trained to detect the first signs of mechanical deterioration that could potentially pose a physical safety risk to people or assets. Early recognition of fire and smoke is another use case where industrial decision-makers can find value. Conventional fire alarms are often difficult to properly mount in buildings or outdoor spaces and they require a lot of maintenance. Smart security cameras can be deployed in difficult or hard-to-reach areas. When equipped with fire detection applications, they can trigger notification far earlier than a conventional fire alarm – as well as reduce false alarms by distinguishing between smoke, fog, or other objects that trigger false alarms. By digitizing analog environments, whether a smoke detector or an analog pressure gauge, decision-makers will have access to a wealth of data for analysis that will enable them to optimize highly technical processes along different stages of manufacturing - as well as ensure employee safety and security of industrial assets and resources. Looking forward to the future of smart surveillance With the rise of automation in all three of these markets, from intelligent shelving systems in warehouses to autonomous-driving trucks, object detection for security threats, and the use of AI in monitoring agricultural crops and livestock, the overall demand for computer vision and video analytics will continue to grow. That is why now is the best time for decision-makers across a number of industries to examine their current infrastructure and determine if they are ready to make an investment in a sustainable, multi-use, and long-term security and business optimization solution.

How Technology Can Elevate Guest Services And Their Security
How Technology Can Elevate Guest Services And Their Security

The return to the workplace is a focal point for many in the built environment but one of the most important elements is easy to overlook. Guest services will be vital in the return to the workplace. Front-of-house teams will be responsible for welcoming building users back and reassuring them as they negotiate shared spaces in the post-Covid era. The workplace will inevitably look different after Covid. We have become more aware of our spaces, how clean they are, and what spaces building users share. Employees have also become more conscious of the pros and cons of the workplace. For some, a year of working from home has been a welcome break from the stress and time taken by a commute. Many organizations are considering moving to hybrid workplace approaches, downsizing their corporate real estate portfolio, and using shared spaces more consciously, be that for focussed quiet work or collaboration. We will also see heightened care in workplace cleaning and more data-led solutions. Front-of-house teams will be at the center of helping building users get used to these changes. The role of technology Front-of-house personnel will likely be responsible for ensuring buildings do not exceed safe occupancy levels and will be aided by visitor management systems.  Another change to look out for in the workplace will be the use of technology. Tech-led organizations have long reminded us that gut instinct and trusting our senses is not enough anymore, but Covid-19 has forced us to come to terms with this. Now that adopting technology has become crucial in cleaning, we will see a reticence to adopt it elsewhere fade too. A survey from McKinsey suggests that the pandemic has accelerated the adoption of technologies by several years. Why is this important for guest services? Much like other workplace changes, new technologies will alter how building users interact with their environment. Tech will also enable front-of-house teams to focus on the key ingredient of their role – human interaction. This will be vital in helping occupants feel comfortable, safe, and happy. Occupancy and visitor management systems These systems have been around in the workplace for many years, and pre-Covid were used to help us maximize our space and utilization. These systems are even more important as we are likely to see some return to the workplace before everyone has been vaccinated. We may see systems that contact only those occupants in an affected area of a building, rather than a whole workforce, to limit worry and ensure most people can remain confident in the hygiene of their workspace. For the rest of 2021 at least, precautions such as social distancing will need to be in place. Workplaces will continue to function at limited occupancy for some time to keep people safe. Front-of-house personnel will likely be responsible for ensuring buildings do not exceed safe occupancy levels and will be aided by visitor management systems. These may be used by individual organizations or by multi-tenanted buildings. Temperature checks and identity verification systems Organizations are mitigating risks where possible. Handheld digital thermometers have been in high demand. The use of such devices has reshaped the role of security officers over the past year. Officers have become familiar faces in shops and shared spaces, keeping people safe and acting as the first point of contact. The security sector has been placed under immense pressure, balancing the need to enforce precautions with responding to stressed building users in an empathetic way. Officers have demonstrated agility that security technology cannot replace. Post-pandemic, we will likely see a greater appreciation for what manned guarding can offer and a greater potential for officers in front of house roles. Front-of-House staff are becoming responsible for temperature verification. Some organizations may choose to increase the collaboration between their front-of-house and security teams. This could include implementing identity verification systems, as well as touchless systems. This will allow the focus of front-of-house teams to remain on the people and giving a warm welcome to users as they return to the office. Using monitoring to make guest services more available  Monitoring solutions may be the first things that come to mind when discussing security technology. We have seen an increasing trend toward integrating remote monitoring with manned guarding since before the pandemic. Such a move may be even more important now.Beyond keeping employees safe, guest services are going to play a central role in making the workplace an attractive option. For many organizations, the pandemic has forced a rapid switch in focus. Organizations have had to face the security challenges of caring for vacant premises and the additional complications of managing cybersecurity for remote work. Rebalancing the cost and focus of security may feel as though it has left some businesses without the capacity to utilize front-of-house officers. Yet when employees return to the workplace, front-of-house teams will be more important than ever. For those that did not do so during the pandemic, now is the time to be investing in effective monitoring solutions. The falling cost of technology means such a solution can be combined with manned guarding and front-of-house roles. Organizations may need to invest in fewer officers, but their roles can be more focused upon the occupant experience. Encouraging employees back Beyond keeping employees safe, guest services are going to play a central role in making the workplace an attractive option. Remote working has had both pros and cons but many of those downsides will be diminished with the end of the pandemic. Loneliness will no longer be such a challenge when seeing friends and neighbours is an option, and the return of children and partners to school and work will relieve distractions. It may be tempting, then, for many employees to continue working from home. As a result, many opportunities for collaborative work will be lost. For employers looking to encourage their workforce to return, creating an amazing workplace experience is key. Technology alone can’t offer this. Rather, too much tech could create an environment that feels clinical and impersonal. Use technology to streamline the boring or stressful elements of the workplace and invest in friendly faces who will welcome your workforce back.

What are the Security Challenges of Protecting the Cannabis Industry?
What are the Security Challenges of Protecting the Cannabis Industry?

The advent of a truly new market for the physical security industry is a rare occurrence. Particularly rare is a new market that is both fast-growing and provides an environment that is not just conducive to application of physical security technologies but that actually demands it. Such is the case with the market for legalized marijuana. We asked this week’s Expert Panel Roundtable: What are the security challenges of protecting the cannabis industry?