Video Surveillance Storage System / HDD(503)
March Networks’ new ME3 Pendant IR PTZ camera delivers uncompromising security for large indoor and outdoor spaces, as well as essential features to ensure high reliability, clear image capture and storage efficiency. Ideal for large-footprint environments such as parking lots, big box stores and transit stations, the camera incorporates electronic image stabilisation and HDR, so recorded video is always crisp. Universal Power over Ethernet (UPoE) ensures redundancy and zero downtime by switching to PoE when a camera loses power. And built-in PTZ auto-tracking uses motion detection to automatically track a person or object, keeping the image centered and in focus. Software updates are quick and easy to apply using the mass management feature available in Command Enterprise software, while PTZ-optimized motion histograms speed search capabilities. The 3MP PTZ includes a 40x zoom lens to capture objects 25% further away than industry-standard PTZs, and IR LEDs for uniform illumination in total darkness at a distance of more than 650 feet/200 metres. It also incorporates a Low Bit Rate compression mode to improve bandwidth and storage efficiency by as much as 50% when the camera is in its home position. The ME3 Pendant IR PTZ is protected by a weather-proof enclosure, and generates an alert in the event someone attempts to obstruct or move the camera. It comes with a variety of mounting options, including a 1.5” NPT wall mount and short pendant mount, both with back boxes.
Since 2011, the patented Dallmeier Panomera® multifocal sensor technology has provided comprehensive video protection for vast areas in many football stadiums, perimeters, airports and city areas all over the world. The new Panomera® series, the “Ultraline“, has exceptionally high effective resolution for these situations. Dallmeier presents the first model of the new series, the Panomera® S8 Ultraline, which delivers up to 190 megapixel at 30 fps. The Panomera® concept has revolutionized video technology: with up to eight sensors in a single camera, it is possible to capture enormous distances in unprecedented resolution quality. With fewer cameras and considerably less expense for both infrastructure and management, the total cost of ownership of video solutions are reduced significantly. At the same time, customer specifications regarding pixel density and coverage can be satisfied very precisely. Up To 26,000 sqm. Coverage With One Camera The first model of the new Ultraline series, the Ultraline S8, has an excellent dynamic range of 130 dB UWDR (effective) for an extreme Panomera® effect. This enables a resolution of 125 px/m up to a distance of 160, 104 or 82 m, enabling individuals to be recognized over the entire distance. Identification of persons (250 px/m) is supported up to a distance of 46 m depending on the model, observation (62 px/m) is possible even up to a distance of 322 m. This corresponds to a huge image space of more than 26,000 sqm. with continuous depth of field. Permanent Capture The multifocal sensor system captures and stores all regions of the image space in the highest detail resolution. At the same time, it is not important whether the operators are concentrating on a specific region in live mode (multiple detail zoom) or if regions of interest are displayed in detail based on video content analysis (multiple auto-tracking). The Panomera® recordings always include the entire area of interest and allow every operation to be analyzed. “Made in Germany” And GDPR-Ready Like all Dallmeier cameras the new Panomera® model is manufactured entirely in Germany, at the Dallmeier factory in Regensburg. This in itself is a major factor in the manufacturer’s data protection and data security strategy, since it is then impossible for unauthorized persons to gain access through “backdoors”, for example. In all, 14 functions such as the setup of private zones, People Masking or the very latest encryption-authentication technology in the processing chain of Dallmeier solutions ensure that the strict requirements of the GDPR relating to data protection and data security are met.
The Evolution ExD Cameras, part of Oncam’s Specialist Camera Range, are unique to the 360-degree video surveillance market. Both ATEX, IEC and IECEx certified, the 5MP and 12MP versions have been specifically designed to meet the needs of customers operating in hazardous environmental conditions and potentially explosive atmospheres. The cameras’ housings are manufactured in Stainless Steel 316L, for maximum robustness. The IP66, IP67 and IP68 ratings make the enclosure resistant to harsh environmental conditions. Fit for use in markets such as Offshore and Onshore Environments, Industrial and Chemical Plants, Ports and Marine Applications and Food Processing Areas, the world’s first and only 360-degree ExD camera range is available in four mounting options: Surface Mount, Wall Mount, Pole Mount and Ceiling Mount. With no moving parts, the cameras can be PoE, 12 VDC or mains powered, dependent on whether they will be used indoor, outdoor or in extreme outdoor conditions. A heater is also available in the outdoor models. For enhanced connectivity in extreme outdoor applications, single or multi-mode fibre versions are offered. Indoor: EVO-05-EIP / EVO-12-EIP (PoE) Outdoor: EVO-05-EOA / EVO-12-EOA (115V) EVO-05-EOE / EVO-12-EOE (230V) Extreme Outdoor: EVO-05-ESA / EVO-12-ESA (115V, Single Fibre Optic Mode) EVO-05-ESE / EVO-12-ESE 230V, Single Fibre Optic Mode) EVO-05-EMA / EVO-12-EMA (115V, Multi Fibre Optic Mode) EVO-05-EME / EVO-12-EME (230V, Multi Fibre Optic Mode)
VIVOTEK’s FE9391-EV is the next generation of market-leading 12-Megapixel 360° panomorph network camera, featuring a detailed 12-Megapixel CMOS sensor which guarantees superb image quality. Utilizing the latest in panomorph lens technology for 180° panoramic view (wall mount) or 360° surround view (ceiling/wall/floor mount) with zero blind spots, the camera is able to provide comprehensive coverage of open areas such as airports, shopping malls, parking lots, retail stores, offices and more. Removable IR-cut filter The FE9391-EV (IP66, IK10 rated) is the successor to FE8391-V in the VIVOTEK 360° surround view family. The new model is equipped with a removable IR-cut filter and WDR Enhancement technology, allowing the camera to maintain optimal image quality around the clock for unparalleled visibility under high-contrast lighting environments. 3D Noise Reduction technology enables the camera to capture clear, polished video under low-light conditions. The FE9391-EV's use of the latest in panomorph lens technology has led to much improved image quality with a huge drop in edge distortion. Latest In IR Illumination The FE9391-EV is also updated with the latest in IR illumination, VIVOTEK's Smart IR II technology with Adaptive IR. Adaptive IR enables the FE9391-EV's IR illuminators to adjust to the scene together or individually to provide the best possible IR image, reducing glaring hotspots and/or underexposed dark spots. Advanced Video Content Analysis The FE9391-EV is also be the first to include a new wave of advanced Video Content Analysis (VCA). Available in 4Q 2017, this includes better object detection in order to reduce false alarms. Through advanced Video Content Analysis functions including crowd detection features the FE9391-EV is the next steps in elevating surveillance cameras from image capturing devices to advanced notification instruments, allowing users to see more in smarter ways.
Ultra-narrow 1.7mm bezel-to bezel design(1.15mm bezel on the left and top sides and 0.55mm bezel on the right and bottom sides) High contrast and high brightness greatly enhance the video layering, and present the details of the video High fidelity digital processing for a brilliant and vivid video Built-in 3D COMB filter and 3D noise reduction Wide array of connectivity options HDMI, DVI, VGA, BNC, RS232, USB, Audio Infrared, RS232 double mode, supporting remote PC control Brightness smart detection, power-saving Professional thermal design to extend equipment lifespan Built-in power, low energy consumption, ultra-quiet Fast stack installation, professional project design, supporting arc-shaped mounting Widely used in surveillance center, dispatching platform, safe city, commercial display, etc.
AI series products adopt the most advanced AI technologies, including deep learning algorithms that primarily target people and vehicles, which provides higher flexibility and accuracy for end-users. This enables the Dahua AI series to offer various advanced applications such as Face Recognition, ANPR, Metadata, People Counting, traffic data statistics, etc. The complete line up of Dahua AI series includes network (PTZ) cameras, network video recorders, digital video recorders, servers, and platform management products. Beyond seeing the world, the power of AI allows devices to perceive the environment and understand the world in a better way. System Overview Dahua new XVR8000-4KL/4K-I series XVR delivers excellent performance and high recording quality that is ideally applicable to a wide range of industries ranging from retail to banking and real estate. Holding Dahua Technology’s patented HDCVI signature technology, these new AI XVR products are featured with long distance transmission, seamless upgrading, and IoT into analogue monitoring—all while maintaining perfect 4K resolution over coax. With build-in deep learning module, XVR8000-4KL/4K-I series products adopt video image structuring technology based on deep learning algorithms, achieving high-precision human face recognition and perimeter protection. By applying deep learning artificial intelligence, XVR8000-4KL/4K-I allows users to focus on what matters most, improves event response time and helps make video actionable. With its extensive portfolio of front-end and back-end products with HDCVI technology, Dahua solutions can be easily integrated into self-contained systems to satisfy the needs of both system integrators and users. Functions Perimeter Protection Automatically filtering out false alarms caused by animals, rustling leaves, bright lights, etc. Enables system to act secondary recognition for the targets. Improving alarm accuracy. Real Time Face Recognition Video stream real time face recognition. Facial attributes analysis features including gender, age, expression, glasses, moustache, mouth mask. Identify people and also capture, record faces with metadata. Facial feature filtering while real time display, only show faces with target features. Face Database Management Configurable multiple face databases. Powerful face database management. Face database can be applied to video channels independently. Name, gender, birthday, nationality, address, ID information can be added to each face picture. Common/Stranger Mode Supports regular and stranger mode. In stranger mode, when XVR detects a strange face(not in device's face database), it can trigger alarm, buzzer, snapshot, record, etc. Similarity threshold can be set manually. This function is developed for important infrastructure sites for which access control is critical. Smart Search Supports search by metadata of human face. Support uploading face pictures to XVR and compare them with recorded faces in XVR by similarity. Enable operators to quickly and easily search through multi channels and long duration, efficiently find out when and where a person of interest appeared.
The Contera NVR Appliance from Arecont Vision Costar is designed to offer powerful IP recording in an affordable, compact chassis. The Contera NVR Appliance is equipped with an on-board 8 or 16 channel PoE switch, that can be upgraded to 24 channels, allowing for Plug and Play connection with ConteraWS™ or ONVIF cameras. With full integration to ConteraWS Web Services, the Contera NVR Appliance offers centralized user management, single sign-on convenience, mobile apps and a web client that allows for easy remote connection to your recorders. Network setup is fast and easy using ConteraWS Web Services, and eliminates the need for port forwarding or DDNS. The Contera NVR Appliance runs on a secure Linux OS and comes preloaded with ConteraVMS™ Server software as a turnkey solution.
With 16ch perimeter protection, the XVR intelligently avoids false alarms to less important objects such as falling leaves and rain, and send alarms only when identifying human or vehicle. Face Recognition function enables alarm for suspects on blacklist, allowing passing for authorized people on whitelist, also alert for approaching of strangers. Besides, utilizing 4ch Metadata Search functions, the new XVR products are smart search enabled, capable of automatically extracting face feature attributes. Offering incomparable perimeter protection, face recognition and metadata search technology, Dahua AI XVR is applicable to a wide range of industries ranging from retail to banking and real estate.
The Avigilon H4 Multisensor camera combines self-learning video analytics with exceptional coverage, featuring 3 or 4 individually-configurable sensors that can be positioned to monitor virtually any area. With 9-32 MP total resolution, it delivers broad coverage and high image detail, and uses H.265 compression technology to reduce bandwidth and storage requirements while maintaining clear images. Each camera sensor incorporates Avigilon self-learning video analytics and works with Avigilon Appearance Search™ technology, our award-winning AI video search engine.
The Contera™ Outdoor Dome megapixel camera features 1080p and 5-megapixel (MP) resolution for optimum performance. The Contera Outdoor Dome combines a day/night mechanical IR cut filter with an integrated motorized remote focus and zoom precision iris (P-iris) lens for excellent, optimal image quality. Regardless of the time of day, the Contera Outdoor Dome is prepared for any lighting condition. For applications with poor lighting conditions, Enhanced WDR™ (wide dynamic range) at 120dB provides the best visual balance to shaded and bright light conditions. For clear color images in low-light, NightView™ offers strong low-light sensitivity for capturing details in extremely poor-lit scenes. Built-in Smart IR LED illumination automatically adjusts output in response to the distance of an object in view to prevent over-exposure when the object is very close to the camera. The Contera Outdoor Dome is ONVIF (Open Network Video Interface Forum) Profile S and G compliant, providing interoperability between network video products regardless of manufacturer.
The Evolution 180 Outdoor Camera is built upon Oncam’s expertise and heritage on 360-degree technology. It is specifically designed for applications that require a dewarped panoramic view of an outdoor scene, without blind spots, from a single sensor camera. The 12MP high-resolution sensor and the built-in 3D dewarped panoramic video provides industry leading Panoramic+ views. The true day/night functionality allows images to be produced in all lighting conditions, including additional IR lighting. The camera is IP66, IP67, IP68, IP69K and IK10+ rated, making it a robust design. Its versatile enclosure enables wall and pendant mounting, while the integrated adjustable mounting allows for an angling of up to 45°. When angled, Oncam’s Angle Compensation Technology (ACT) corrects the view, straightening vertical lines in the scene.
The Contera Bullet outdoor-ready megapixel camera features 1080p and 5-megapixel (MP) resolution for optimum performance. The Contera Bullet combines a day/night mechanical IR cut filter with an integrated motorized 2.7–12mm varifocal remote focus and zoom precision iris (P-iris) lens. Regardless of the time of day, the Contera Bullet is prepared for any lighting condition. For applications with poor lighting conditions, Enhanced WDR™ (wide dynamic range) at 120dB provides the best visual balance to shaded and bright light conditions. For clear colour images in low-light, NightView™ offers strong low-light sensitivity for capturing details in extremely poor-lit scenes, and is further enhanced by built-in Smart IR LED illumination that automatically adjusts output in response to the distance of an object in view to prevent over-exposure when the object is very close to the camera. The Contera Bullet is ONVIF (Open Network Video Interface Forum) Profile S and G compliant, providing interoperability between network video products regardless of manufacturer.
VIVOTEK’s IP9191-HT is a professional H.265 box network camera providing true 3840x2160 resolution at 30 fps. With ultra HD resolution, 30 frames per second, and VIVOTEK’s SNV and WDR Pro technologies, this camera is capable of delivering clear, detailed images in a variety of challenging applications such as city surveillance, transportation and industrial monitoring. VIVOTEK's in-house algorithm brings video compression to next level. With VIVOTEK’s Smart Stream III technology, the IP9191-HT is capable of delivering excellent images while keeping bandwidth and storage consumption at extremely low levels, even smaller than typical 2-Megapixel image size. The IP9191-HT is further equipped with an i-CS (intelligent-CS mount) lens with LSC (Lens Shading Correction) and LDC (Lens Distortion Correction) calibration functions to obtain even better images. When combined with remote focus system, these features enable installers to adjust zoom/focus remotely. These function-rich combinations make the IP9191-HT suitable for a wide range of video surveillance applications. When housed inside the AE Series Enclosures, the IP9191-HT is excellent for long-range outdoor applications. Furthermore, when equipped with the 12-50mm AL-248 lens, the IP9191-HT is an ideal camera that could deliver exceptional images even from surveillance targets that are over 100 meters away.
The Contera Bullet outdoor-ready megapixel camera features 1080p and 5-megapixel (MP) resolution for optimum performance. The Contera Bullet combines a day/night mechanical IR cut filter with an integrated motorized 2.7–12mm varifocal remote focus and zoom precision iris (P-iris) lens. Regardless of the time of day, the Contera Bullet is prepared for any lighting condition. For applications with poor lighting conditions, Enhanced WDR™ (wide dynamic range) at 120dB provides the best visual balance to shaded and bright light conditions. For clear color images in low-light, NightView™ offers strong low-light sensitivity for capturing details in extremely poor-lit scenes, and is further enhanced by built-in Smart IR LED illumination that automatically adjusts output in response to the distance of an object in view to prevent over-exposure when the object is very close to the camera. The Contera Bullet is ONVIF (Open Network Video Interface Forum) Profile S and G compliant, providing interoperability between network video products regardless of manufacturer.
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The past decade has seen unprecedented growth in data creation and management. The products and services that consumers use every day – and the systems businesses, large and small, rely on – all revolve around data. The increasing frequency of high-profile data breaches and hacks should be alarming to anyone, and there’s a danger data security could worsen in the coming years. According to DataAge 2025, a report by IDC and Seagate, by 2025, almost 90% of all data created in the global datasphere will require some level of security, but less than half of it will actually be secured. Nuanced Approach To Data Security Security is a circle, not a line. Every actor involved in the handling and processing of data has responsibility for ensuring its securityThe rapid proliferation of embedded systems, IoT, real-time data and AI-powered cognitive systems – as well as new legislation like the European Union’s GDPR – means that data security has to be a priority for businesses like never before. With data used, stored and analyzed at both the hardware and software level, we need a new and more nuanced approach to data security. Security is a circle, not a line. Every actor involved in the handling and processing of data has responsibility for ensuring its security. What this means in practice is renewed focus on areas of hardware and software protection that have previously not been top of mind or received large amounts of investment from businesses, with security at the drive level being a prime example. The Importance Of Data-At-Rest Encryption In a world where data is everywhere, businesses need always-on protection. Data-at-rest encryption helps to ensure that data is secure right down to the storage medium in which it is held in a number of ways. Hardware-level encryption, firmware protection for the hard drive, and instant, secure erasing technology allow devices to be retired with minimal risk of data misuse. Data-at-rest encryption helps to ensure that data is secure right down to the storage medium in which it is held in a number of ways A recent report from Thales Data Threat found that data-at-rest security tools can be a great way to help protect your data. However, it’s important to note that this must be used in conjunction with other security measures to ensure that those that fraudulently gain access to your key management system can’t access your data. Ensuring Drives To Be Common Criteria Compliant One straightforward test any business can do to ensure its storage is as secure as possible is to check whether the drives are Common Criteria compliantDespite the clear benefits, this kind of encryption lags behind other areas, such as network and endpoint security, in terms of the investment it currently receives. The same Thales Data Threat report found that data-at-rest security was receiving some of the lowest levels of spending increases in 2016 (44%), versus a 62% increase for network and a 56% increase for endpoint security. One straightforward test any business can do to ensure its storage is as secure as possible is to check whether the drives are Common Criteria compliant. Common Criteria is an international standard for computer security certification, and drives that meet this standard have a foundational level of protection which users can build on. Providing An Additional Layer Of Security The retail industry has seen a spate of security breaches recently, with several major US brands suffering attacks over the busy Easter weekend this year. As frequent handlers of consumer card information, retailers are particularly vulnerable to attack. Data-at-rest encryption could enhance security in these instances, providing an additional layer of security between customer records and the attacker The advanced threats retailers face can often evade security defences without detection. Such a breach could grant attackers unrestricted access to sensitive information for possibly months – some breaches are known to have been detected only after consumer payment details appeared on the dark web. These types of undetected attacks are highly dangerous for retailers, which are relatively helpless to protect consumer information once their defences have been compromised. Data-at-rest encryption could significantly enhance security in these instances, providing an additional layer of security between customer records and the attacker which has the potential to make the stolen data valueless to cyber criminals. Industries In Need Of Data-At-Rest Encryption Healthcare organizations, which hold highly sensitive customer and patient information, have a strong use case for data-at-rest encryption. With the widespread adoption of electronic patient health records, that data is increasingly more vulnerable to attack. Recent research from the American Medical Association and Accenture revealed that 74% of physicians are concerned over future attacks that may compromise patient records. With the widespread adoption of electronic patient health records, that data is increasingly more vulnerable to attack The financial sector would also benefit from further investment in data-at-rest encryption, given 78% of financial services firms globally are planning on increasing their spending on critical data, according to Thales’ Data Threat Report. It’s helpful to view security as a circle in which every piece of hardware and software handling the data plays its partSMEs and enterprises are not immune to security threats either – with growing numbers of people traveling for work or working remotely, the risk of sensitive business data becoming exposed via device theft is heightened. Usernames and passwords have little use if thieves can simply remove unencrypted hard drives and copy data across. Securing Every Hardware And Software Technology vendors often focus on aspects of hardware and application security that are within their control. This is understandable, but it risks proliferating a siloed approach to data security. There is no single line for data security -- rather, it’s helpful to view it as a circle in which every piece of hardware and software handling the data plays its part. There’s a clear need for more industry dialog and collaboration to ensure data security is effectively deployed and connected throughout the security circle and across the value chain.
The use of facial recognition has become a highly debated topic recently, and has increasingly and misleadingly been criticized by some for being an unethical tool used to spy on the public. The reason for such criticism is however largely due to lack of information and regulation around the technology. Used proportionately and responsibly, facial recognition can and should be a force for good. It has the ability to do a lot more to increase security in the future – from street crime to airport security, all the way through to helping those battling addiction, the technology can take security and operations to new heights. These systems can memorize the faces of persons of interest, networks of gang members, wanted criminals and those suspected of involvement in serious violent crimes The Rise In Knife Crime Knife crime has dominated the headlines in the UK throughout the year. Recent statistics show the number of people being admitted to emergency care due to attacks by a sharp object to be up by nearly 40 per cent from two years ago, while the number of children under the age of 18 being admitted to hospitals with stab wounds is up by 86 per cent in only four years. This recent surge in knife crime has put police forces under immense pressure, and the intelligent use of facial recognition has a role to play in enabling more informed stop & search interventions. Currently UK police can stop and search an individual they suspect to be carrying drugs or weapons or both, or they can stop and search a person in a location where there have been or are considered likely to be “incidents involving serious violence.” In both cases they must do so with access to limited information, leaving themselves open to accusations of bias or discrimination. Knife crime dominated the headlines in the UK throughout 2018 Police Systems Benefiting Crime Investigations This is where facial recognition can offer up additional intelligence. These systems can memorize the faces of persons of interest, networks of gang members, wanted criminals and those suspected of involvement in serious violent crimes. Furthermore, these systems don’t need prior personal engagement to recognize an individual and see only data, not gender, age or race. Facial recognition thus helps eliminate both weapons and criminals off the streets and potentially prevent crimes before they have a chance to take place. The technology doesn’t take the decision away from the human police officer. However, it does bring greater transparency and context to the decision-making process of whether a stop and search intervention is justified. Similarly, the advanced technology can recognize and match an individual seen on a CCTV camera at a crime scene to someone the police encounters on the streets some time later, justifying a stop and search on that individual. Its ability to check in real time if a person is on a criminal watchlist adds an extra layer to the decision-making process prior to conducting a stop and search, lowering the likelihood of discrimination. Facial recognition thus helps eliminate both weapons and criminals off the streets and potentially prevent crimes before they have a chance to take place. Gambling Addiction And How Facial Recognition Can Help There are an estimated 593,000 people in the UK currently battling a gambling problem, making it a serious public health issue in the country. Having understood the gravity of the issue, the UK gambling commission have set limits and advice in place to help those suffering this addiction; yet as with all addictions, gambling is a tough habit to beat. In order to put effective limitations in place and make a real difference, the gambling commission needs the right technology to protect those most vulnerable in the industry. Facial recognition technology is able to keep track of customers and thus help gambling companies in protecting their customers Facial recognition technology is able to keep track of customers and thus help gambling companies in protecting their customers to a higher degree. Monitoring those entering and moving around gambling areas is an extremely difficult task for human staff to do alone, especially in large crowded areas such as casinos. Facial recognition technology installed around the premises would be able to help the company and the staff to identify people who have registered as gambling addicts, and keep record of their day’s play in order to inform staff if and when it was time for them to stop. It would also be able to ensure effective self-exclusion procedures, by identifying a self-excluded individual via CCTV as soon as they entered the venue to then allow security staff to respectfully escort them out. Utilizing Facial Recognition At Airport Security Facial recognition has by now become a normal sight at many airports around the world. Several people today hold a so-called biometric passport, which allows them to skip the normally longer queues and instead walk through an automated ePassport control to proceed to the gate faster without having to deal with control officers. Facial recognition used in this way has managed to significantly cut waiting times at the passport control, but it also has the ability to enhance security in and around airports. Facial recognition uses algorithms to match physical characteristics against photos and videos of people's faces Earlier this year, facial recognition technology managed to catch an imposter trying to enter the US at the Washington Dulles Airport. The false passport may have been uncaught by the human eye, yet due to the accuracy of the facial recognition technology it managed to help officers catch the imposter and bring him to justice. Facial recognition thus allows officers to identify an individual faster and more accurately than the human eye. Facial recognition uses algorithms to match physical characteristics against photos and videos of people's faces, which have been collected from visas, passports and other sources. Facial recognition allows officers to identify an individual faster and more accurately than the human eye At airports the use of facial recognition has proved to both enhance security as well as speed up processes such as check-inWhile some critics may worry about issues of privacy related to the technology, at airports the use of facial recognition has proved to both enhance security as well as speed up processes such as check-in and, in the future, even boarding proceedings. If used correctly and proportionately, facial recognition can help safeguard the public and improve national security on several fronts. While the many benefits of facial recognition are evident, the lack of regulation and understanding of the technology has led to misconception around how it works and what it is used for. Facial recognition technology can match faces in crowded public places against criminal watch lists, and register faces that match with those on criminal watch lists – while ignoring everyone else.
Terry Gold of D6 Research has been giving “cyber in physical security” presentations at a variety of conferences, including ISC West and the Cyber:Secured Forum. We caught up with him for some insights about the intersection of cybersecurity and physical security. Q: Tell us a little bit about your background, specifically in the context of its relevance to cyber security in physical access. Gold: I started out in information security and then got involved in physical security along the way. I started really focusing on physical from a cyber standpoint about 10 years ago. I got into ethical hacking about 8 years ago, and then worked on putting it all together. There wasn’t a roadmap, so I had to build a methodology which I now share with other hackers, end users and law enforcement. I spend all my time either in the lab building success models, methods, and testing them out in some of the largest customers or agencies in the world for validation and improvement. Also, a chunk of my time is spent re-engineering security assessment and controls for end users or validating vendors on their behalf from a unique viewpoint that’s not (yet) typical in the industry. Q: How well prepared is physical security overall against cyber threats? Gold: Not well at all. While security is imperfect anywhere, much of the practices and designs have critical defects and overlook either best practice or fundamental application security principles. I’d say that the industry is very wide open for exploitation that doesn’t take much sophistication to execute. Breach disclosure laws are focused on mandatory reporting for personally identifiable information (PII) Q: What things stand out to you along your journey regarding the changes that you are seeing on this topic? Gold: Culture. Over the years, the industry (and most end users) have been dismissive of my findings. Industry culture hasn’t been aligned to embrace the topic and make requisite improvements that are needed to achieve “good security.” However, I’m finally starting to see that change – quickly and at scale. It doesn’t mean that we’re close to “good,” but rather reached the inflection point of change – and I’m rather pleased about it. Breach disclosure laws has resulted in IT getting a lot of media attention in comparison to hacks made against physical security Q: D6 does a lot of research in this area. What is the analysis behind the recent push for cyber security in physical security? Gold: First, it must be recognized that the threat isn’t new, but rather that the industry is only now coming to the table on it. Industry sentiment has been that breaches in physical security don’t happen or that there’s little impact. It must be recognised that the threat isn’t new, but rather that the industry is only now coming to the table on itBoth are false. Mainly, IT gets all the media attention with breaches for two reasons; 1) breach disclosure laws are focused on mandatory reporting for personally identifiable information (PII), and 2) there is really poor detection (mostly non-existent) against hacks in physical security, so they go unrecognized. On the other side, as physical security systems increasingly resemble an IT architecture, so does their risk profile. As it expands to mobile, cloud, IOT and intelligence - InfoSec and auditors are taking a look and are alarmed at what they’re seeing. Before you know it, the scrutiny is cutting pretty deep, pressure for alignment becomes intense, and vendors feel the pinch on the sales cycles. It’s not a comfortable position for anyone. Q: What will be the projected impact? Are practitioners seeing the whole picture? Gold: No, and this area is probably the most important takeaway of this interview. The industry is where InfoSec was about 15 years ago in their journey, except we have an additional headwind to deal with – culture change. This industry tends to rely more on trusted relationships than validating the recommendations are being provided. There are too many prevailing misconceptions, that unless remediated, investments won’t be as effective as expected. Q: What do you believe are the top misconceptions? Gold: Well, this is a longer topic, but here’s a sampling that cuts across different areas. Regarding hackers: A misconception is that they’re generally not interested. Hackers are increasingly very interested. When I teach a workshop at a hacker conference, it’s usually the quickest to fill up and go to wait list (within a couple hours). Regarding attacks: A misconception is that attacks are executed directly against the target system. Example, their goal is to get into VMS and attack it directly. The reality is that they’re more commonly dynamic where physical is part of a larger attack and its role is an easier gateway to another system (or vice versa, with many hops). Regarding protective measures. The most prevalent mistake that the industry is currently making is too much focus and reliance on air-gapping networks or locking ports. This is only a slice of the attack surface and there are various ways to get around it. There’s a heavy price to pay for those that that rely too much on this strategy since its often accompanied by few mechanisms to deal with actors once they do get in (and they definitely will). Regarding the value of exploiting physical security. Too often perceived as low value. In our white paper we review many of the things that hackers can do, what they gain, and how it can impact the overall organization. It’s far broader and deeper than most. Q: What are the top things that need to change in the industry? Gold: First, culture. This can be answered by adopting the same principles as InfoSec. From an execution standpoint, the industry needs to change how they perform risk assessments. At D6, we’ve developed a stepwise methodology from ground up and it’s a huge differenceIndustry practices, including certifications, are significantly outdated and don’t reflect a methodology that accurately considers cybersecurity, actors, methods, and proactive remedy. At D6, we’ve developed a stepwise methodology from ground up and it’s a huge difference. End users that don’t re-engineer their practice, will be very limited for meaningful cybersecurity improvement. One of the changes needed in the industry includes how risk assessments are performed Q: Generally, what advice do you give to clients on steps to move their cyber security to the next level? Gold: Don’t operate like a silo anymore. Transition from industry “common practices” to best practices that can be validated. Rely less on previous relationships and more toward domain competence. Collaborate with the CISO to a principled, goal-oriented and metrics-based approach. Embed an InfoSec person on the physical team. Present priorities and risks jointly to the board within an overall risk portfolio. Invite scrutiny from auditors. Get a red team performed once a year. Until you do the last step, you don’t really know where you stand (but don’t do it until the other things are done). Last, set the bar higher with vendors to support these improvements or their products will just end up being weak link. Q: What type of challenges do you see and any advice on how end user and integrators can overcome them? Lessons learned? Gold: There are too many specific domains across cybersecurity – it’s not just a network security resourceFeedback I get from integrators is that they’re struggling to figure out how to deliver expertise to their clients in their area. They’re somewhat overwhelmed with the complexity, becoming an expert or how expensive it is to hire and maintain those skilled resources. My best advice is not to do either. There are too many specific domains across cybersecurity – it’s not just a network security resource. Not even the large integrators have the right bench, and unfortunately, they’re just further down a doomed path than smaller integrators. Form a partnership with boutique cybersecurity firms that have multiple specialists. Negotiate rates, margins, scope, and call on them when needed. It won’t come out of your bottom line, the results will be better, and the risk will be extremely low. You’ll learn along the way too. Q: Anything notable that your research is uncovering in this area that might not be on people’s radar yet? Gold: Yes, quite a bit. Our Annual Industry Assessment Report goes through every segment. We’re making pretty bold statements about the future and impact, but we’re confident. One thing that stands out is how intelligence (and the swath of subsets) will impose stringent demands on physical security due to attribute and data collection (for analysis) which will absolutely require privacy compliance, integrity, and controls. It will even shape organizations that might not care about cybersecurity but are prioritizing function. Q: Where can readers learn more about your perspectives on this topic? Gold: Blogs on the D6research.com website. Our annual report. Val Thomas of Securicon and D6 have collaborated on a three-part cybersecurity in physical white paper series. It goes into all of this in detail, as well as remedy.
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