camera wipers, demisters & heaters - Expert commentary

Security At Sea: Where Technology Benefits Marine Environments
Security At Sea: Where Technology Benefits Marine Environments

The term ‘marine’ comes from the Latin mare, meaning sea or ocean, and marine habitats can be divided into two categories: coastal and open ocean. Video surveillance (VS) applications can cover both types of marine environment with system for ships, maritime ports, onshore and offshore installations, etc. We should want to further analyze VS for ships and try to explain the types of ships on which it can be used, the ways in which VS can be used on ships, the typical certifications in use and what features a camera station must have to be installed on a ship. Starting with ships that have a minimum tonnage, around the world we have: liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers, passengers ships, chemical tankers, crude oil tankers, container ships, general cargo ships and bulk carriers.As the LNG market grows rapidly, the fleet of LNG carriers continues to experience tremendous growth, offering more opportunities for VS Video surveillance for all marine vessels An LNG carrier is a tank ship designed for transporting liquefied natural gas. As the LNG market grows rapidly, the fleet of LNG carriers continues to experience tremendous growth. A passenger ship is a merchant ship whose primary function is to carry passengers by sea. This category does not include cargo vessels which have accommodation for a limited number of passengers, but rather includes the likes of ferries, yachts, ocean liners and cruise ships. A chemical tanker is a type of tank ship designed to transport chemicals in bulk. These ships can also carry other types of sensitive cargo which require a high standard of tank cleaning, such as palm oil, vegetable oils, tallow, caustic soda and methanol. An oil tanker, also known as a petroleum tanker, is a merchant ship designed for the bulk transport of oil. There are two basic types of oil tankers: crude tankers and product tankers. Crude tankers move large quantities of unrefined crude oil from its point of extraction to refineries. Product tankers, generally much smaller, are designed to move refined products from refineries to points near consuming markets. Container ships are cargo ships that carry their entire load in truck-size intermodal containers: a technique called containerization. They are a common means of commercial intermodal freight transport and now carry most seagoing non-bulk cargo. Today, about 90% of non-bulk cargo worldwide is transported by container. A cargo ship or freighter ship is any sort of ship or vessel that carries cargo, goods and materials from one port to another. Cargo ships are specially designed for the task, often being equipped with cranes and other mechanisms to load and unload, and come in all sizes. Bulk carriers make up 15%–17% of the world's merchant ships and they are specially designed to transport unpackaged bulk cargo such as grains, coal, ore and cement in its cargo holds. For all these ships the protection of vessels, cargo and crew is a priority, that’s why the adoption of VS technology plays a key part in terms of security and safety. Human error is regularly named as a major factor in ship accidents, and one way to avoid it is to aid seafarers by providing them with technology and equipment that is reliable and easy to use in all weather and sea conditions. Marine VS encompasses liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers, passengers ships, chemical tankers, crude oil tankers, container ships, general cargo ships and bulk carriers Emergency security solutions on ship One of the most important applications for camera stations is during “docking”. Mooring is the securing or confining of a vessel in a particular location with a fixed or a floating object (jetty, pier, ship, barge, buoy, etc.) as various cargo operations are carried out. Docking is the final stage of mooring operations when the ship docks to the jetty. This is a very delicate operation and cameras are very helpful in making sure docking is done without accidents.'Man overboard’ is an emergency in which a person has fallen off a boat or ship into the water, and can happen at any time during the day or night Another important application for camera stations is the Man Overboard detection system (MOB). ‘Man overboard’ is an emergency in which a person has fallen off a boat or ship into the water. Man overboard events can happen at any time during the day or night, in all types of weather and sea conditions, and from almost any location on the ship, ranging from a few tens of feet above the water, to over 180 feet.  When these events occur, the immediate availability of important data is crucial. Accurate confirmation of the event including time of occurrence, location on the ship and location in the sea is critical. A proactive detection system must immediately and accurately detect man overboard events and provide prompt, actionable data to response personnel. A typical man overboard detection system can report a MOB event in under 1 second. VS on a vessel can also monitor the engine room at all times and provide a good view of people working on dock, machinery and stowed equipment. But what are the most important features that a camera station must have to work in one of the most aggressive environments in nature? Ruggedized reliability in surveillance First of all, and perhaps it’s obvious, but it’s extremely important to have camera stations with amazing reliability. Housing units manufactured from AISI 316L stainless steel, passivated and electropolished, makes the cameras completely impervious to air, water, rusting and corrosion, therefore offering excellent weather protection and increased reliability.Housing units manufactured from AISI 316L stainless steel, passivated and electropolished, makes the cameras completely impervious to air, water, rusting and corrosion Sometimes ships also use cameras constructed entirely from technopolymer, which guarantees high impact resistance and superior protection from external weather agents. Keeping the camera glass clean at all times is another essential feature, and it can be done via a wiper/wash system that greatly reduces the need for maintenance. In the case of PTZ cameras, the best option would be a great pan and tilt speed (up to 100°/s). What is the operative temperature range for the cameras? Sea is everywhere and therefore ships go everywhere, from the Arctic Ocean to the Mediterranean, so we need cameras that have to be fully operational across a wide temperature range.  -40°C to +65°C covers almost all areas. Analog or IP Cameras? Actually, both options can be used, especially for applications like docking where it’s important to avoid image delay (as can happen with IP cameras due to the natural latency of data communication over a network). Marine certifications Last but not least, the certifications: Certifications guarantee the quality and reliability of camera stations. There is no compromise! One important certification is the Lloyd’s Register Type Approval which subjects cameras to rigorous testing for performance, vibration (critical on ships), humidity, etc. The application field of the LR Type Approval is VS in public places (e.g. passenger ships), open decks, enclosed spaces that are subjected to heat generated from other equipment, and technical premises. Often, VS cameras used in specific areas of ships, such as hazardous areas, are required to have ATEX and IECEX certifications.

Networking Basics For Security Professionals: The 60 Watt Dilemma
Networking Basics For Security Professionals: The 60 Watt Dilemma

Standards for camera manufacturers presented a new challenge with the introduction of security cameras that require more than 30 Watts of power Standards for camera manufacturers presented a new challenge with the introduction of security cameras that require more than 30 Watts of power. Many of these involve pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) domes and heaters and blowers that require additional power. This development created two areas of confusion which is highlighted in this article by Neil Heller - Vice President, Vigitron. The first is the ability to define what a 60-watt camera is and what power sources are actually required. The second and more serious is how to provide that power. Both share a commonality in that they lack any form of standardization. PoE To Power 60-Watt Security Camera Alone? Let’s start with the definition of the 60-watt camera. As the term suggests, it requires 60 watts or greater, but that doesn’t necessarily mean all the required power comes from a single PoE source. In many cases, camera manufacturers require that PoE only power the camera itself. Looking at these cameras’ power specifications will indicate a required PoE power of 802.3at or 30 watts, thus leaving power to the heaters and blowers requiring a local AC power source. This situation brings into question the value of PoE power if it is restricted to only providing camera power. Another group of PTZ cameras does use PoE for both camera and heater/blower functions, but only when the heater operates within a restricted temperature range. This usually means if your camera is installed in areas where the temperature that can fall below -20 degrees C (approximately -20 degrees F) you will still need a local power AC power source. The third type of security camera relies only on PoE power for both PTZ and heater blower operations.  This is confusing, and is often the source of users finding their PTZ has failed at the most inopportune time. Any attempt to transmit 60 watt power over coax cable that is only a single pair should be considered with a great deal of caution, requesting from the transmission equipment provider that they will accept liability for any damages PoE For Greater Than 30 Watt Applications The three different operations of how these “PoE” cameras are powered brings into question the value of using PoE for greater than 802.3at, 30 Watt applications. Value exists in the ability to centrally control power operations from a single accessible point. Certainly those cameras that are solely dependent upon PoE have the greatest advantage. This brings to the second point of confusion, the composition of the PoE power. To review a brief history, 802.3af (15.4) was the first PoE standard used for IP cameras and is for the most part a standard. 802.3at (30 Watts) was introduced as four different standards, two of which, Type 1 and Type 2 are supposed be compatible, but in reality are not.     Transmission Restriction Over Physical Cables 60 watts has no standards. To understand this, we need to look at the limitations of transmitting power over physical cables. Any form of transmission over a physical media has limitations in the form of resistance. As resistance increases, so does the heat generated by this process. The higher the power, the greater the resistance and resulting heat generated. Based on CAT5e cable, a single wire can handle about 0.75 amps. In PoE transmission, power is transmitted on a pair of wires or 0.75amp X 2= 1.5amps.  According to the 802.3at specifications, Class 4 specifications generally are considered to start around 48 volts. So we take 48 x 0.75= 36 watts or 72 watts for the pair. Dual PD (Power Device) System So how do we get to 60 watts? For “over” 30 watts, camera manufacturers use a dual PD (power device) system. In short, it operates as if it where two IP cameras and requires use of all four pairs within Cat cabling. Exceeding these power limits can be dangerous in overheating the cable and its installation. Therefore, any attempt to transmit 60 watt power over coax cable that is only a single pair should be considered with a great deal of caution, requesting from the transmission equipment provider that they will accept liability for any damages. The need to operate two PDs within a single camera is where the incompatibility exists. There are no standards as to the sequence of turning on  separate PDs in a single camera The need to operate two PDs within a single camera is where the incompatibility exists. There are no standards as to the sequence of turning on separate PDs in a single camera. Most such camera manufacturers provide their own PoE source in the form of a PSE or camera power supply; however, don’t try to interchange these power sources among different cameras from different manufacturers as they will not work. If you attempt to use a third party version, make certain you confirm that the power source manufacturer has actually conducted certification testing and can provide proof of compatibility or provide any operational limitations. Distance Of Transmission Finally, there is the question of transmission distance. This takes us back to the physics of high-powered PoE transmission. Even with manufacturer-supplied PSEs, the distance limitation is still 328 feet (100m), the Ethernet standard. Most applications such as perimeter and parking lots will be hard pressed to find a power outlet within 328 feet of where the cameras needs to be installed. This is where third-party transmission equipment providers come into play, but again the ability of transmitting 60 watts PoE power for distances greater than 328 is more complex that standard 802.3af and 802.3at, and more limited. This combined with the non-standard make a detailed knowledge and interaction with the manufacturer critical to a successful installation.

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Panasonic I-PRO To Unveil New Vision For The Future At ISC West 2020
Panasonic I-PRO To Unveil New Vision For The Future At ISC West 2020

With a new vision, Panasonic i-PRO will take center stage at ISC West 2020 to officially launch its new business strategy and solutions roadmap. The Panasonic i-PRO exhibition will focus on providing users with meaningful innovations tailored to their specific challenges employing the latest developments in AI-enhanced software and intelligent edge devices. “ISC West presents the perfect industry platform to unveil the new vision for our company here in the U.S, and the innovative technologies and solutions we have in line to support it,” said Bill Brennan, Vice President of the Security Division. “Our enhanced portfolio of AI-driven open platform software and analytics combined with new imaging and intelligent edge solutions provide us with the unique ability to deliver comprehensive integrated solutions specifically tailored to address specific needs and challenges.” Panasonic i-PRO exhibit The Panasonic i-PRO exhibit at ISC West will feature four primary pavilions addressing critical trends and applications including: AI solutions and integrated systems on the technology front, and local government and education on the application front. Featured products and solutions showcased across the exhibit will include: Significant enhancements to Video Insight, a powerful and fully scalable Video Management System (VMS) that comes fully integrated with the company’s i-PRO MonitorCast access control platform includes; support for Intel ninth generation chipsets for enhanced server performance; HALO IoT smart sensor integration that enables features like vape detection with alerts, as well as the detection of various other environmental impurities; a new client to support Apple TV media boxes; facial recognition redaction to blur individuals’ faces on recorded video used or forensic investigations for privacy protection; visitor management integration; joystick integration; advanced rules management; and more. The i-PRO AI Camera Series capitalizes on new developments in AI to deliver higher levels of intelligence at the edge. The new series features nine new indoor and outdoor cameras complemented by two software modules that can run advanced analytics at the edge, further optimizing system bandwidth and storage requirements. A Software Development Kit (SDK) is also available to enable third party software compatibility. The i-PRO U Series Cameras deliver high performance imaging capabilities at competitive price points. The new U Series includes eight indoor and outdoor dome and bullet cameras with features that include; H.265 compatibility, Video Motion Detection (VMD), and a host of advanced features found on i-PRO Extreme cameras. The new U Series are bundled with i-PRO Video Insight 7.5 VMS software and feature a five year warranty. Panasonic i-PRO will also be featuring its innovative FacePRO Facial Recognition Software, which was rated the “world’s highest rated facial recognition engine” by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in addition to the company’s recently expanded portfolio of Intelligent Analytics.

Panasonic’s I-PRO Extreme PTZ Infra-Red Security Cameras Offer Enhanced Night Visibility
Panasonic’s I-PRO Extreme PTZ Infra-Red Security Cameras Offer Enhanced Night Visibility

Panasonic’s latest i-PRO Extreme PTZ Infra-Red security cameras set a new benchmark in night-time visual quality and intelligent functionality, packaged in a device designed for reliability and low-level maintenance to deliver lower total cost of ownership. There are two models in the IR PTZ camera range: the WV-X6533LN model with a powerful 40x zoom and the WV-S6532LN with 22x zoom. night-time visibility               Capturing clear images for use as evidence in low level lighting and at long distances can be a challenge in any outdoor security environment. Able to capture low light evidence even at distances of up to 350 meters in a zero lux environment, the cameras improve visibility by mixing visible and IR LED lighting through a new auto focus with visible light cut filter. This means that multiple light sources in one frame are no longer an issue. To provide clarity even at long distances, the camera has an optional high-powered 40x optical zoom function To provide clarity even at long distances, the camera has an optional high-powered 40x optical zoom function combined with Intelligent Zoom Stabilization to absorb vibrations and capture a stable image even from a fair distance away. A 30 degree elevation angle enables sloping roads, tall buildings and difficult areas such seating areas under stadium roofs to be easily covered by the cameras. Cyber protection and bandwidth control Rain and dust can badly affect the quality of images and increase the need for expensive regular maintenance. To combat these challenges, the camera lens comes with a hydrophilic ClearSight lens coating which is resistant to the build-up of rainwater, stains, and dust accumulation. A new inbuilt defroster also ensures crystal clear images by preventing condensation or ice accumulating on the lens in extreme weather conditions. To ensure CCTV footage is kept safe from unauthorized external access, the cameras are under vulnerability assessment and come with Digicert (Formerly Symantec) certification, which includes end-to-end data encryption and FIPS140-2 CAVP compliance without any built-in backdoor access. Panasonic IR-LED PTZ cameras High resolution security camera systems can quickly have a negative impact on an organization’s IT infrastructure with large network data and storage requirements. The Panasonic IR-LED PTZ cameras come with a range of smart compression functionality to reduce this business impact. The camera uses H.265 compression with Panasonic’s latest smart coding technology to reduce network bandwidth use and storage requirements. Auto VIQS automatically determines areas with and without motion and reduces the data volume of those without motion. The camera also has built in Smart Facial Coding, which detects and records faces in high quality. Smart Analytics A security camera can act as a deterrent but its real potential can be achieved when combined with intelligent applications that free-up operator time by automating functions and notifying when pre-defined alerts are triggered or action required. A license for this Intelligent Video Motion Detection (i-VMD) functionality is available free-of-charge, enabling users to bring intelligence to their security cameras. Intelligent Video Motion Detection Intelligent Video Motion Detection can be used to zone surveillance areas  Intelligent Video Motion Detection (i-VMD) can be used to zone surveillance areas and scan for pre-defined or unexpected behaviors. This could include detecting and notifying if someone enters or loiters in an area, removes objects or, for example, if a vehicle drives the wrong way down a one-way street. To reduce total cost of ownership for customers, Panasonic’s i-PRO Extreme camera range is designed and tested for use in challenging conditions to ensure long life. Extensive Panasonic testing covers dust, temperature, water, static electricity, vibration and drops, as well as IK10 vandal resistance. New Fiber Optic Media Converter Unit To further reduce replacement and maintenance costs, The IR PTZ cameras have a highly durable pan/tilt gear drive that delivers a four-time longer lifespan than traditional belt drives. Panasonic’s innovative new Fiber Optic Media Converter Unit, which is integrated conveniently into the camera bracket, can also be used with the IR-LED PTZ cameras when purchased as an optional extra. The solution offers all the advantages of running fiber direct to Panasonic outdoor PTZ and dome / fisheye cameras but removes the insecurity of having a box mounted separately to the camera or in the ground nearby. Installation time and construction complexity are reduced and there is no need to waste time selecting and evaluating individual optical media converters.

Top Ten Security Industry Mergers and Acquisitions of 2019
Top Ten Security Industry Mergers and Acquisitions of 2019

Two of the most familiar names in the physical security market – Pelco and Panasonic – underwent ownership changes during 2019. Consolidation continued on multiple other fronts. Security service companies, video companies and access control companies were all among the entities involved in merger and acquisition (M&A) activity during the last 12 months. In short, the industry landscape continues to transform in response to a changing market. Here's a look at the Top 10 M&A stories in 2019: 1. Pelco Acquired by Private Equity Firm Transom Capital Pelco Inc. was acquired in May by Transom Capital Group, a private equity firm, from Schneider Electric. Since the acquisition, Transom Capital has been working with Pelco’s management and employees to define and direct the next chapter of the iconic company. Pelco maintains its headquarters in Fresno, Calif., and has a presence in Fort Collins, Colo., near Denver, and a sales office in the New York area, not to mention many global employees who work remotely. 2. Panasonic Spins Off Security Business Electronics giant Panasonic sold off 80% of its video surveillance business to a private equity firm but is retaining 20%, and the new company will continue to use the well-known Panasonic brand. The move is aimed at reinvigorating a business challenged by competition from Chinese companies and lower video prices. Polaris Capital Group Co. acquired 80% of the outstanding shares of the new security systems business. 3. Qognify Acquires OnSSI and SeeTec 2019 began with the acquisition of IP video management software (VMS) company On-Net Surveillance Systems (OnSSI), including SeeTec in Europe. Backed by the global investment firm Battery Ventures, Qognify completed the acquisition in the final days of 2018. With Qognify, OnSSI and SeeTec operating under one umbrella, the company provides VMS, video analytics, PSIM and critical incident management for mid-market and enterprise organizations. 4. Busy Year for Acquisitions at Allied Universal Security services company Allied Universal had an active year in acquisitions, beginning in April with the acquisition of integration company Securadyne Systems in Dallas. There was an additional acquisition announced in each of the next four months: Point 2 Point Global Security, Dallas, in May; security services company Cypress Private Security in June, services company Shetler Security Services in July , and Midstate Security in August. Allied Universal announced two more acquisitions in November – low-voltage integrator Advent Systems Inc. in Chicago and Vinson Guard Service in Louisiana. Also in November, Allied announced a transformational merger with SOS Security. In December, Allied Universal acquired APG Security, South Amboy, N.J. 5. Motorola Continues Video Push with VaaS Acquisition Following its acquisition of Avigilon in 2018, Motorola Solutions continued to build its presence in the security market in 2019 with the acquisition of VaaS International Holdings, Inc. (VaaS), a data and image analytics company. Motorola Solutions paid $445 million in a combination of cash and equity for the company, which includes fixed and mobile license plate reader cameras driven by machine learning and artificial intelligence. 6. ACRE Acquires Access Control Companies Open Options and RS2 Open Options is an open architecture access control company headquartered in Addison, Texas; and RS2 is an open systems access control provider in Munster, Ind. ACRE, global provider of security systems, wrapped up acquisition of both firms in 2019, after announcing the Open Options deal in the waning days of 2018 and following it up with the RS2 announcement in the spring. ACRE’s portfolio now consists of Vanderbilt, Open Options, RS2 and ComNet. 7. Assa Abloy Expands Capabilities with LifeSafety Power Lock and access control giant ASSA ABLOY acquired LifeSafety Power in September, providing a complement to the access control portfolio. The plan is to incorporate LifeSafety Power’s knowledge of power supply and consumption throughout the ASSA ABLOY access control line. LifeSafety Power was established in 2009 and has some 65 employees. The main office is located in Libertyville, Illinois. 8. Distributor Anixter Going Private and Selling to CD&R Anixter International Inc., a distributor of network and security solutions, electrical and electronic solutions and utility power solutions, entered into a definitive agreement with an affiliate of Clayton, Dubilier & Rice (CD&R) to be acquired in an all cash transaction valued at approximately $3.8 billion. The transaction will result in Anixter becoming a private company and is expected to close by the end of the first quarter of 2020. Under the terms of the merger agreement, CD&R-managed funds will acquire all the outstanding shares of Anixter common stock for $81.00 per share in cash. (It has been reported that a new bidder has also emerged, although Anixter is resisting – stay tuned.) 9. Alarm.com Expands Commercial Offering with OpenEye Acquisition Alarm.com has announced a majority-stake acquisition of OpenEye, a provider of cloud-managed video surveillance solutions for the commercial market. OpenEye is optimized for enterprise-level commercial customers requiring expansive video recording capabilities, in addition to remote viewing, administration and diagnostic reporting. Combined with the Alarm.com for Business offering, service providers partnered with Alarm.com now have solutions to accommodate commercial accounts of any size. 10. ADT Makes Multiple Acquisitions, Sells Canadian Operation Another North American security giant, ADT Inc., also had a busy year in mergers and acquisitions. In February, ADT acquired LifeShield, a pioneer in advanced wireless home security systems. In June ADT continued expanding capabilities and geographic reach via Red Hawk Fire & Security, ADT Commercial with the asset purchase agreement of Security Corporation, a commercial security integrator headquartered in Detroit, Mich. In November, ADT Commercial purchased Critical Systems, which specializes in enterprise-class fire alarm, fire suppression, life safety and integrated building security solutions for high-rise properties, healthcare campuses and data, manufacturing and distribution facilities in Atlanta.  In October, ADT announced an agreement to sell its Canadian operations to TELUS Corp.