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Did you hear the one about the bear that nearly caused a nuclear catastrophe? It was around midnight on October 25 1962, in the midst of the Cuban Missile Crisis. A guard at Volk US Air Force Base – home to a number of armed nuclear bombers – spotted a shadowy figure apparently attempting to scale the fence.

The supposed Soviet saboteur tripped the alarm, which was fatefully miswired. As a result, the klaxon was accidentally sounded, triggering a maneuver to scramble US interceptor jets to shoot down incoming enemy nuclear bombers. The pilots weren’t informed that more American armed nuclear bombers were already in the air nearby – the scene was set for a friendly fire incident of nuclear proportions.

Just before the jets took off, the command center, having realized that the wrong klaxon had sounded, sent a truck racing to the tarmac with orders to stand down. Crisis averted – just. Oh – and the Soviet saboteur that tried to sneak in? It turned out to be a curious bear.

International Security Threats

With the Cold War long thawed and security technology having considerably advanced since 1962, we shouldn’t see a repeat episode like that anytime soon. Today we face different threats. Our fears of international state on state conflict have been eclipsed by the threat of international terrorism, and – though military security is always crucial – protecting borders has become one of the most pressing security needs of our time.

However, there are still lessons to be learned – safety and security are impossible without smart, integrated security solutions that can work in any weather, day or night. Two notable trends are helping organizations and security integrators shore up their defenses: advances in uncooled thermal imaging technology, and the move towards a security-solutions based approach. System integrators stand to benefit from more comprehensive and effective multi-component systems that have a lower total cost of ownership.

When borders stretch across hundreds or thousands of kilometers of land and sea, it can be a very difficult and expensive task to secure them

Monitoring Borders With Cameras

With conflict and other crises causing mass migration of refugees around the world, the importance of border security has leapt up several places on national leaders’ agendas.

When borders stretch across hundreds or thousands of kilometres of land and sea, it can be a very difficult and expensive task to secure them. Picture the scene: miles upon miles of empty borderland: desert, scrub, fields. To monitor it, camera upon camera mounted on post after post, stretching to the horizon.

If that camera is CCTV, it can give you a crisp HD image on a clear day, miles into the distance. However, it’s not so good in low visibility or at night, where effective range could be as low as 20 metres. To answer this problem, each is mounted in tandem with a thermal imaging camera that isn’t hindered by those factors.

Understanding Thermal Imagery

The decision to use thermal then begs the question: cooled or uncooled cameras? Cooled cameras undisputedly give the best performance, offer unmatched distance visibility, and are more user-friendly than ever before. Whereas once a cooled camera would require a tank of cooling liquid nitrogen or similar substance, now electric systems – much like a fridge – keep the camera cool.

However, as far as cooled cameras have come technologically, they remain an expensive proposition, with annual maintenance required – i.e. an engineer driving out to each and every post, servicing each camera one at a time. Uncooled cameras don’t have this problem, meaning that they require far less maintenance, and they are also cheaper to begin with.

Traditionally though, they would not have been able to compare; the image was grainy and the distance capabilities were negligible. Far more cameras were needed to cover large areas, wiping out any per-unit savings.

Uncooled Thermal Cameras

However, modern uncooled thermal cameras, coupled with cutting-edge analytics applied to the image data, are capable of covering huge distances like never before – up to fifteen kilometers away. This allows for fewer, cheaper, lower-maintenance cameras, hugely reducing the total cost of ownership when extrapolated across hundreds or thousands of kilometers.

When then taken by a system integrator and combined with other security equipment such as ground sensors, motion sensors and patrol cars, modern uncooled camera systems create a compelling holistic border security solution – and these systems would have revealed the Volk bear’s furry identity pretty quickly, thereby avoiding a near disaster in the process.

Protecting borders has become one of the most pressing security needs of our time
It’s imperative that security systems are linked to a control terminal, informing and updating security personnel, creating a real-time comprehensive picture of the security network

Integrated Airport Security Systems

However, land and sea borders aren’t the only places countries are looking for protection. Think about airports for a moment: some of the most security-conscious civilian transit sites in the world. They too, need efficient and cost-effective border security. Consider the nature of threats to airports. Following the tragic events of 9/11, the focus shifted to individual security – stopping the passage of dangerous individuals and items onto planes.

However, in recent years we have seen terrorists resort to cruder, less easily managed methods of destruction, such as vehicular and lone gunman attacks. So, where does this leave airports? On the one hand, they need to maintain vigilance in searching individuals and their luggage. On the other, they need to be alert to a vehicle or single person threats breaching their perimeter.

Security Control Terminals

The challenge for system integrators is to deliver systems that handle all of this seamlessly. To that end, it is imperative that thermal cameras, CCTV cameras, radar, motion sensors – everything – are linked to a control terminal, informing and updating security personnel and creating a comprehensive picture of the security network in real time.

For example, if a suspected armed individual somehow found access into the airport – either through the perimeter fences or the front gates – what then? Will they look for a crowd to attack, will they try to make their way to a runway and try to sabotage an airplane? A modern security system has to be capable of tracking the threat whichever way it goes.

Simple integration also means less potential for things to go wrong, things that would require expensive fixes and gaps in coverage

Smart Integrated Solutions

System integrators have more choice than ever before when it comes to building these integrated solutions. In fact, rather than sourcing individual components from individual manufacturers and agonizing over esoteric operating systems and protocols when trying to link them, they can now choose from complete, integrated, interoperable security solutions, making life infinitely easier.

This means a greatly reduced total cost of ownership – fewer false alarms and more targeted surveillance, reducing call-out and investigation costs. Simple integration also means less potential for things to go wrong, things that would require expensive fixes and gaps in coverage.

Powerful Connected Security Systems

Had the Volk bear made its unfortunate blunder in 2017, disaster would not have to have been averted. An advanced uncooled camera would have immediately revealed him for what he was, and an integrated, intelligent security solution would never have sounded a false alarm.

Today, to the benefit of us all, these two trends of advanced uncooled cameras and the easy integration of multiple systems, allow system integrators to build powerful connected systems to keep us all safe. After all, there are much more dangerous things out there than curious bears.

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Why Access Control Is Important
Why Access Control Is Important

When we talk about security, people are often quick to jump to conclusions and picture bouncers, heavy steel doors and alarms that go off as soon as a door is opened. Access control is in fact one of the most common and least invasive methods of adding extra security to a home, communal or business premises – controlling who is able to enter a space based on the use of entry codes, key fobs, and/or access cards. Communal flats and office blocks are where access control is often an important factor in keeping the building secure, though private residences also have their own lowkey methods of access control with burglar alarms and personalized codes. With that said, what is it that makes access codes so effective across so many spaces – and why are they so important in today’s society? Benefits of access control Every time you visit an office space, enter a block of flats, or drive into a gated community, you will likely be faced with restricted access and a code pad – plus a button to ring through if you are a visitor. This is a prime example of access control, whereby the owner of the premises has installed a gate or security door which requires a code to enter from the outside. Pressing the request button puts you through to a controller who can then either grant access or deny access. The primary benefit of access control is that it ensures that a space remains secure Some of these code pads have cameras so that the controller can see the visitor – some just have a microphone and speaker. The primary benefit of access control is that it ensures that a space remains secure – only visited by those who are granted access. This restriction helps to keep residents and property safe, not only deterring burglars but ensuring that they are unable to gain entry without permission. Access control panels Some of the examples of access control panels in use include: Private car parks, granting access to employees or residents or paying guests based on the location. Communal buildings and flat entranceways, granting access to residents. These kinds of access control panels will have multiple buttons, one for each flat so that guests can buzz and speak to their contacts. Offices, granting access to employees and their guests. Another key benefit of access control is that entry and exit data can be tracked Another key benefit of access control is that entry and exit data can be tracked, and data can be used for anything from tracking the use of a building, to understanding and logging when individuals have entered and left the premises. For those who have ever watched a Detective drama, you will know how crucial this kind of data can be to determining alibis! Replacing lost keys Inhouse, this can also be useful in identifying who is around when an incident occurs, and in ascertaining how many people are in the premises in the event of a fire or emergency situation. On top of knowing when individuals are accessing certain spaces, access controls can also be used to restrict access to spaces during certain time periods – for example at the end of a shift, or overnight. This is most often found in commercial spaces and car parks, as private residences will grant access at all hours to residents. Access control plays an important role in security and can impact everything from your insurance bills and insurance cover to the amount you spend on replacing lost keys. By keeping certain spaces restricted, only granting access to those who are supposed to be there for work or through their private residence, you are able to keep individuals safe and protect them from the effect of theft. Preventing unlawful access Access control is particularly crucial in tracking the movement of employees should an incident occur In a workspace, access control is particularly crucial in tracking the movement of employees should an incident occur, as well as making the life of your team much easier in allowing them to move between spaces without security personnel and site managers present. It can also reduce the outgoings of a business by reducing the need for security individuals to be hired and paid to remain on site. For a private homeowner or flat owner, access control is what grants you the privacy and security that you deserve in your own space. 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Open Options Paves the Way for New Customers in Access Control
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Automatic Gates – The Latest Development In Access Control
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