System Overview With advanced deep learning algorithm, Dahua Lite AI series network camera supports intelligent functions, such as perimeter protection and smart motion detection. In addition, with full-color technology, it provdes a better image effect in the condition of low illuminance. Functions Full-colorWith high-performance sensor and large aperture lens, Dahua Full-color technology can display clear colorful image in the environment of ultralow illuminance. With this photosensitivity technology, the camera can capture more available light, and display more colorful image details. SMDWith intelligent algorithm, Dahua Smart Motion Detection technology can categorize the targets that trigger motion detection and filter the motion detection alarm triggered by non-concerned targets to realize effective and accurate alarm. Smart Codec (H.265+ & H.264+)With advanced scene-adaptive rate control algorithm, Dahua smart encoding technology realizes the higher encoding efficiency than H.265 and H.264, provides high-quality video, and reduces the cost of storage and transmission. IVSWith advanced video algorithm, Dahua IVS technology supports intelligent functions, such as tripwire and intrusion. WDRWith advanced Wide Dynamic Range (WDR) technology, Dahua network camera provides clear details in the environment of strong brightness contrast. The bright and dark area can get clear video even in high brightness environment or with backlight shadow. Protection (IP67, wide voltage)IP67: The camera passes a series of strict test on dust and soak. It has du st-proof function, and the enclosure can works normal after soaking in 1 m deep water for 30 minutes. Wide voltage: The camera allows ±30% input voltage tolerance (wide voltage range), and it is widely applied to outdoor environment with instable voltage.
Hanwha’s new PNM-9085RQZ multi-directional camera features motorized varifocal lenses for precise control of focal length, angle of view and zoom for each direction. Each sensor supports remote PTRZ (pan, tilt, rotate, zoom) control for efficient installation and easy adjustment. The 20MP (5MP x 4) PNM-9085RQZ features built-in IR illumination for each sensor. The PNM-9085RQZ allows users to quickly change the camera to 180/270/360 degree configuration as well as custom presets, merging an element of multi-imagers and PTZ presets.
The FUJINON SX800 camera system marks FUJIFILM's successful entry into the surveillance systems market. FUJIFILM presents the new long-range camera module FUJINON SX800 to the surveillance systems market. With a full HD camera and an optically stabilized, 40x zoom lens from FUJINON, two high-performance components are integrated into one system. This innovation is the result of years of experience in digital cameras and a dedication to the highest optical quality. Thanks to its powerful 1/1.8" image sensor, the long focal length range of 20 mm to 800 mm and state-of-the-art image processing technology, the FUJINON SX800 is ideally suited for aerial surveillance. In modern society, the security needs of citizens are constantly increasing. Surveillance cameras with long focal lengths are not only used to address sensitive issues such as border security but are increasingly being incorporated into public infrastructure such as airports, seaports and motorways. Long range surveillance systems must cope with special challenges. For optics with long focal lengths, the smallest vibrations are sufficient to compromise the image information. Heat haze or fog in the air also impair image quality. And, a focus drive that is too slow leads to safety-relevant information loss. However, with the development of the new FUJINON SX800, FUJIFILM has found a way to minimize the impact of these challenges. Instead of developing a surveillance camera and a separate matching lens, the concept of a fully integrated system consisting of camera and lens has been realized. In addition to the high-quality zoom optics, the FUJINON SX800 has a powerful combined optical and electronic image stabilization mechanism that provides angle correction of up to ±0.22 degrees. The integrated high-speed autofocus provides a sharply focused image in less than a second, while a fog filter and heat haze reduction technology helps prevent weather interference. The system provides consistently sharp images – even of objects several kilometers away. In addition, the integrated design of the new FUJINON SX800 reduces the high adjustment effort normally required for camera installation. As of Q3 2019, the FUJINON SX800 will be available as both a mobile stand-alone device and as a system that can be integrated into a pan-tilt head.
System OverviewWith advanced deep learning algorithm, Dahua Lite AI series network camera supports intelligent functions, such as perimeter protection and smart motion detection. In addition, with full-color technology, it provdes a better image effect in the condition of low illuminance. Functions Full-colorWith high-performance sensor and large aperture lens, Dahua Full-color technology can display clear colorful image in the environment of ultralow illuminance. With this photosensitivity technology, the camera can capture more available light, and display more colorful image details. SMDWith intelligent algorithm, Dahua Smart Motion Detection technology can categorize the targets that trigger motion detection and filter the motion detection alarm triggered by non-concerned targets to realize effective and accurate alarm. Smart Codec (H.265+ & H.264+)With advanced scene-adaptive rate control algorithm, Dahua smart encoding technology realizes the higher encoding efficiency than H.265 and H.264, provides high-quality video, and reduces the cost of storage and transmission. IVSWith advanced video algorithm, Dahua IVS technology supports intelligent functions, such as tripwire and intrusion. WDRWith advanced Wide Dynamic Range (WDR) technology, Dahua network camera provides clear details in the environment of strong brightness contrast. The bright and dark area can get clear video even in high brightness environment or with backlight shadow. Protection (IP67, wide voltage)IP67: The camera passes a series of strict test on dust and soak. It has dust-proof function, and the enclosure can works normal after soaking in 1 m deep water for 30 minutes. Wide voltage: The camera allows ±30% input voltage tolerance (wide voltage range), and it is widely applied to outdoor environment with instable voltage.
AI series products adopt the most advanced AI technologies, including deep learning algorithms that primarily target people and vehicles, which provides higher flexibility and accuracy for end-users. This enables the Dahua AI series to offer various advanced applications such as Face Recognition, ANPR, Metadata, People Counting, traffic data statistics, etc. The complete lineup of Dahua AI includes network (PTZ) cameras, network video recorders, servers, and more devices. Beyond seeing the world, the power of AI allows devices to perceive the environment and understand the world in a better way. System OverviewDahua PTZ AI network camera adopts advanced CNN deep learning algorithms to support Perimeter Protection with high accuracy. This camera possess wide monitor range, PFA algorithm that can always present a clear, focused image while zooming. The camera has very excellent low light performance due to adopting the latest starlight technology. The camera is equipped with smooth control, high quality image and good protection, which make it can meet most of the requirements of video surveillance applications. Functions Starlight TechnologyFor challenging low-light applications, Dahua’s Starlight Ultra-low Light Technology offers best-in-class light sensitivity, capturing color details in low light down to 0.005 lux. The camera uses a set of optical features to balance light throughout the scene, resulting in clear images in dark environments. Wide Dynamic RangeThe camera achieves vivid images, even in the most intense contrast lighting conditions, using industry-leading wide dynamic range (WDR) technology. For applications with both bright and low lighting conditions that change quickly, True WDR (120 dB) optimizes both the bright and dark areas of a scene at the same time to provide usable video. Perimeter ProtectionAutomatically filtering out false alarms caused by animals, rustling leaves, bright lights, etc. Enables system to act secondary recognition for the targets. Improving alarm accuracy. EnvironmentalDahua cameras operate in extreme temperature environments, rated for use in temperatures from -40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F) with 95% humidity. Subjected to rigorous dust and water immersion tests and certified to the IP66 Ingress Protection rating makes it suitable for demanding outdoor applications. ProtectionThe camera allows for 6KV lightning rating,which provides effective protection for both the camera and its structure against lightning. InteroperabilityThe camera conforms to the ONVIF (Open Network Video Interface Forum) specifications, ensuring interoperability between network video products regardless of manufacturer. PFA TechnologyPFA technology has innovatively introduced new methods of judgment to ensure the accuracy and predictability of the direction of subject distance adjustment. The result is a set of advanced focusing algorithms. PFA ensures clarity of the image throughout the process of zooming and shortens focus time. The realization of PFA technology substantially improves user experience and increases product value. SMD PlusWith Deep-Learning Algorithm, Dahua SMD Plus filters the motion detection alarm triggered by non-concerned target and recognizes human and vehicle effectvely, sending alarms when human and vehicle intrude.
Hikvision announces the launch of a new generation of its signature AcuSense products, with significant updates. “Hikvision AcuSense products were introduced in 2018, with the idea of making intelligent alarms and services available to small businesses and residential customers for the first time,” says Frank Zhang, President of International Product and Solution Center at Hikvision. “In a nutshell, AcuSense technology enables security personnel to focus on human and vehicle events rather than insignificant objects, so they can act more efficiently which helps save time and costs, while end users can get full control of their security system anytime, from anywhere.” Improved alarm accuracy The latest Hikvision AcuSense devices are engineered with an upgraded deep learning algorithm, which analyzes live video streams and labels them as “human,” “vehicle,” or “other events.” Those labeled as human and vehicle will trigger alarms for security staff, while other events such as rain drops, animals, or the movement of foliage, for example, will be drastically disregarded. The result is a striking reduction in false alarms – now with an accuracy approaching 98%. In this way, security personnel can focus on genuine security issues and take action. Additionally, related videos are automatically sorted by categories for easier search. Enhanced motion detection with human / vehicle classification Customers familiar with Motion Detection will appreciate the capabilities of AcuSense technology as well. Taking users’ habits into full consideration, Hikvision designed AcuSense products to integrate human and vehicle classifications with motion detection. More specifically, when motion is detected, the system analyzes whether or not it is associated with a human or a vehicle, and whether an alarm should be triggered. So, when users enable the motion detection function, they can enjoy the same level of alarm accuracy afforded by Hikvision’s AcuSense technology. Flashing light and two-way voice conversation When real-time deterrence is needed, Hikvision also offers camera models with a flashing light and auditory warning. As soon as an alarm is triggered, the built-in light flashes. Simultaneously, security personnel can communicate with the person who triggered the alarm to confirm their authorization, thanks to the built-in speaker and microphone in the camera. Of note, the latest AcuSense cameras even support customized audio tracks, which can be pre-recorded to suit various environments. Better performance in low-light environments The latest AcuSense camera lenses are equipped with an aperture reaching up to F1.4. This technology allows more light to enter the lens, for optimized image brightness, and better performance in low-light environments. Larger detection area Compared with previous AcuSense cameras, this new generation extends target classification distances from 10, 15, or 22 meters to 20, 25, or 30 meters, depending on the model. Customers can choose from 2 MP, 4 MP, or 4K resolutions, as well as dome, turret and bullet housings to suit their specific installation requirements. For more information about the latest generation of Hikvision AcuSense products, visit https://www.hikvision.com/en/products/IP-Products/Network-Cameras/Pro-Series-EasyIP-/
VIVOTEK FD9187-HT is indoor dome network camera equipped with a full HD sensor enabling resolution of 2560 x 1944 at 30 fps. And FD9187-HT also supports standard 1920x1080 resolution at 60 frames per second. Featuring VIVOTEK SNV and WDR Pro technology, FD9187-HT is capable of capturing high quality image whether in high contrast or low light environment. The FD9187-HT offers remote focus lens for different user scenario. IR illuminators are equipped with 50 meter effective range for better night visibility. For indoor applications, PIR sensor is built-in to detect unexpected events. Employing VIVOTEK's Smart Stream III technology and H.265 codec support, the FD9187-HT reduces bandwidth up to 90%* while keeping great image quality. Additionally, powered by VIVOTEK Smart Motion Detection technology, the FE9187-HT can learn how to differentiate between the motion of people and objects, which make it enable to reduce the false alarms and have higher accuracy.
Experience 4K video surveillance with the simplicity of reusing existing coaxial infrastructure. The 4K HDCVI camera adopts a powerful Dahua ISP and advanced 1/2" image sensor, which provides superior high quality images. It also supports Starlight and 120dB true WDR for a clear image in poor lighting conditions. In addition, the camera features broadcastquality audio to provide enhanced supplementary evidence collection. Ultra--high definition and a complete set of features makes the 4K HDCVI camera an ideal choice for mid to large-size businesses and projects where both highly reliable surveillance and construction flexibility are demanded. Functions 4 Signals over 1 Coaxial CableHDCVI technology supports 4 signals to be transmitted over 1 coaxial cable simultaneously, i.e. video, audio*, data and power. Dual-way data transmission allows the HDCVI camera to interact with the HCVR, such as sending control signal or triggering alarm. Moreover, HDCVI technology supports PoC for construction flexibility. * Audio input is available for some models of HDCVI cameras. Long Distance TransmissionHDCVI technology guarantees real-time transmission at long distance without any loss. It supports up to 700m transmission for 4K and 4MP HD video via coaxial cable, and up to 300m via UTP cable.* *Actual results verified by real-scene testing in Dahua's test laboratory. SimplicityHDCVI technology inherits the born feature of simplicity from traditional analog surveillance system, making itself a best choice for investment protection. HDCVI system can seamlessly upgrade the traditional analog system without replacing existing coaxial cabling. The plug and play approach enables full HD video surveillance without the hassle of configuring a network. StarlightWith the adoption of large sized high performance sensor, the camera is able to provide incomparable performance even under extreme lowlight environment. The starlight feature allows more details to be captured and accurate color to be recognized at night or in scenes with limited illumination. Broadcast-quality AudioAudio information is used as supplementary evidence in video surveillance applications. The HDCVI camera supports audio signal transmission over coaxial cable. In addition, it adopts unique audio processing and transmission technology that best restores source audio and eliminates noise, guaranteeing the quality and effectiveness of collected audio information. Multiple-formatsThe camera supports multiple video formats including HDCVI, CVBS, and other two common HD analog formats in the market. A DIP switch located on the cable allows you to quickly toggle formats, further simplifying installation and debugging. This feature makes the camera compatible with not only XVRs, but also most existing HD/SD DVRs. Wide Dynamic RangeEmbedded with industry leading wide dynamic range (WDR) technology, vivid pictures are achieved even in the most intense contrast lighting conditions. True WDR (120dB) optimizes both the bright and dark areas of ascene at the same time to provide usable video. Advanced 3DNR3DNR is noise reduction technology that detects and eliminates random noises by comparing two sequential frames. Dahua’s advanced 3DNR technology allows remarkable noise reduction with little impact to sharpness, especially under limited lighting condition. Besides, the advanced 3DNR effectively decreases the band width and saves the storage space. ProtectionThe camera's outstanding reliability is unsurpassed due to its rugged design. The camera is protected against water and dust with IP67 ranking, making it suitable for indoor or outdoor environments. Supporting ±30% input voltage tolerance, this camera suits even the most unstable power supply conditions. Its 4KV lightning rating provides protection against the camera and its structure from the effects of lightning.
System Overview Pro AI series contains Face Detection, Perimeter Protection and People Counting functions.Powered by deep-learning Artificial Intelligence algorithms, significantly improved accuracy. Meanwhile, the series features starlight technology. This series fully protected from dust and water, certified to IP67 and vandal resistant to IK10 standard. Functions Face DetectionFace Detection is a software application that automatically captures faces from within a digital image or a video frame from a video source. Dahua cameras use advanced deep learning algorithms and are trained by a large number of face data sources, enabling the camera to locate faces quickly and accurately from the video source and capture facial images. Perimeter ProtectionDahua’s Perimeter Protection functions significantly improved accuracy. Perimeter Protection reduces false alarms and decreases pixel count requirements for object detection. Perimeter Protection features custom tripwires based on object type for automation in limited access areas such as pedestrian or vehicle-only zones. This combination of advanced AI analytics and real-time alerts to a desktop or to a mobile client reduces system requirements and resources resulting in greater surveillance system efficiency. People CountingPeople Counting function uses advanced image processing technology to capture depth information from within images. The camera pairs this information with deep learning algorithms to analyze and detect human bodies and track target objects in real time. The camera provides statistics for separate individuals’ entrance and exit with up to 95% counting accuracy. ePoE technologyThe ePoE technology of Dahua, designed internally, adopts advanced 2D-PAM3 coding modulation from physical layer, and realizes full duplex transmission over 800 meters at the speed of 10Mbps, or 300 meters at the speed of 100Mbps via Cat 5 or coaxial cable media. Besides, it supports PoE and PoC power supply technology which has greatly simplified construction and wiring. Dahua ePoE technology offer a new way to accomplish long distance transmission between IP camera and network switch. It allows more flexible surveillance system design, improves reliability and saves construction and wiring cost. Protection(IP67, IK10, wide voltage)The camera allows for ±30% input voltage tolerance, suitable for the most unstable conditions for outdoor applications. Its 6KV lightning rating provides effective protection for both the camera and its structure against lightning. Subjected and certified to rigorous dust and immersion tests (IP67) and impact tests (IK10), the camera is the choice for installation in even the most unforgiving environments. Full-color StarlightThe camera adopts F1.0 large aperture lens and 1/1.8" high performance sensor. With higher amount of absorbed light and advanced image processing algorithm, the camera presents an impressive low light performance with an exceptional balance between noise reduction and the blur of moving object.
The ConteraCMR® NVR Appliance is designed to offer powerful IP recording in an affordable, compact chassis. It is equipped with an on-board 8 or 16 channel PoE switch, with a recording capacity of up to 24 channels, allowing for Plug and Play connection with Arecont Vision and ONVIF cameras or RTSP video streams. With full integration to ConteraWS® (Web Services), the NVR Appliance offers centralized user management, single sign-on convenience, mobile apps and a web client that allows for easy remote connection to your recorders. Network setup is fast and easy using ConteraWS and eliminates the need for port forwarding or DDNS. The ConteraCMR NVR Appliance runs on a secure Linux® OS and comes preloaded with ConteraVMS® Server software as a turn-key solution.
System OverviewExperience 4MP full HD color video and the simplicity of reusing existing coaxial infrastructure with HDCVI. The full-color starlight HDCVI camera presents a high quality color image with rich details even in total darkness conditions. It offers various fixed lens models with a multi-language OSD and HD/SD switchable output. It adopts two powerful warm white LED illuminators, covering an effective range up to 40 m (131.23 ft). The LEDs switch on automatically in darkness to capture detail-packed fullcolor images 24/7, ensuring anthentic identificaiton of objects. It is an ideal choice for applications such as schools, retail centers and parking lots. Functions Full-color StarlightThe camera adopts F1.2 large aperture lens and 1/2.7" high performance sensor. With higher amount of absorbed light and advanced image processing algorithm, the camera presents an impressive lowlight performance with an exceptional balance between noise reduction and the blur of moving object. Warm Supplemental lightsWith two warm supplemental LED lights, the camera is able to provide a colorful and vivid image even in total dark. By default, the camera is set to smart light mode, in which the camera can automatically adjust the exposure time and light sensitivity simultaneously to avoid overexposureing of the objects in the image center. Also, the sensitivity and intensity of the LED lights can be remotely controlled by OSD menu. Broadcast-quality Audio*Audio information is used as supplementary evidence in video surveillance applications. The HDCVI camera supports audio signal transmission over coaxial cable. In addition, it adopts unique audio processing and transmission technology that best restores source audio and eliminates noise, guaranteeing the quality and effectiveness of collected audio information. 4 Signals over 1 Coaxial CableHDCVI technology supports 4 signals to be transmitted over 1 coaxial cable simultaneously, i.e. video, audio*, data and power. Dual-way data transmission allows the HDCVI camera to interact with the HCVR, such as sending control signal or triggering alarm.*Audio input is available for some models of HDCVI cameras. Long Distance TransmissionHDCVI technology guarantees long-distance and real-time transmission without any loss. It supports up to 700 m for 4MP HD video via coaxial cable, and up to 300 m via UTP cable.**Actual results verified by real-scene testing in Dahua's test laboratory. SimplicityHDCVI technology inherits the born feature of simplicity from traditional analog surveillance system, making itself a best choice for investment protection. HDCVI system can seamlessly upgrade the traditional analog system without replacing existing coaxial cabling. The plug and play approach enables full HD video surveillance without the hassle of configuring a network. Multiple-formatsThe camera supports multiple video formats including HDCVI, CVBS and other two common HD analog formats in the market. The four formats can be switched over through OSD menu or by PFM820(UTC controller). This feature makes the camera to be compatible with most end users’ existing HD/SD DVRs. ProtectionThe camera's outstanding reliability is unsurpassed due to its rugged design. The camera is protected against water and dust with IP67 ranking, making it suitable for indoor or outdoor environments. With working temperature range of -40 °C to +60 °C (-40 °F to +140 °F), the camera is designed for extreme temperature environments. Supporting ±30% input voltage tolerance, this camera suits even the mostunstable power supply conditions. Its 4KV lightning rating provides protection against the camera and its structure from the effects of lightning.
Increase safety and reduce risk on board your transit vehicles with March Networks® RideSafe MT Series IP Recorders. These all-IP units deliver highly-reliable video surveillance recording and management in a compact, rugged design that is ideal for mid-sized vehicles – like student and patient shuttles and paratransit buses. Available in 4-channel and 6-channel models, the RideSafe MT Series solution enables operators to capture everything that’s happening on the bus, inside and out. Whether you have one or a thousand vehicles, this plug-and-play recorder can operate as a standalone unit programmable through embedded software, or be remotely managed and monitored daily using March Networks Command™ for Transit video management software. Video from the recorder can also be integrated with existing CAD and AVL systems and mobile routers. Key RideSafe MT Series features include: Front panel LEDs for easy recorder diagnostics, including operational, recording and video export status Embedded Linux OS, to ensure reliable and secure video recording Real-time health monitoring, alerting operators to camera, recorder and network issues before they affect performance Vehicle metadata integration from CAD/AVL systems and accelerometers for accurate re-enactments, driver monitoring and investigations Configurable recording policies based on schedule, motion, incident/event and other user-definable variables Powerful video management software, providing the advanced tools and features needed to manage entire fleets Automated video and data extraction over WiFi or 4G networks Extended thermal range (ETR) models available
The Evolution Stainless Steel cameras, part of Oncam’s Specialist Camera Range, are unique to the 360-degree video surveillance market as they are the only ones certified for tough environments, indoor and outdoor. The 05MP and 12MP versions have been specifically designed to meet the needs of customers operating in demanding environments such as Food Processing, Industrial, Maritime and Ports and Safe City applications. The cameras’ resilient Stainless Steel 316 housing is manufactured for enhanced corrosion resistance. The IP66, IP67, IP68, IP69K, and NEMA 4X and 6P ratings make the enclosure fit for harsh environments, while its IK10+ rating makes it resistant to impacts of 40 joules. The NSF certification and HCV EU mark make the camera range unique, guaranteeing compliance with standards for commercial food equipment in both North America as well as Europe. The only 360-degree fisheye camera in a stainless steel housing, Oncam’s new and improved camera range is available for surface and pendant mount installations. A matching stainless steel arm allows for wall, corner and pole mounting. Evolution 05 Stainless Steel: EVO-05-SS2 Evolution 12 Stainless Steel: EVO-12-SS2
The Evolution 180 Outdoor Camera is built upon Oncam’s expertise and heritage on 360-degree technology. It is specifically designed for applications that require a dewarped panoramic view of an outdoor scene, without blind spots, from a single sensor camera. The 12MP high-resolution sensor and the built-in 3D dewarped panoramic video provides industry leading Panoramic+ views. The true day/night functionality allows images to be produced in all lighting conditions, including additional IR lighting. The camera is IP66, IP67, IP68, IP69K and IK10+ rated, making it a robust design. Its versatile enclosure enables wall and pendant mounting, while the integrated adjustable mounting allows for an angling of up to 45°. When angled, Oncam’s Angle Compensation Technology (ACT) corrects the view, straightening vertical lines in the scene.
System OverviewWith upgraded H.265 encoding technology, Dahua Lite series network camera has efficient video encoding capacity, which saves bandwidth and storage space. This camera adopts the latest starlight technology and displays better color image in the condition of low illumination. It supports SD card storage, dust-proof function, waterproof function and vandal-proof function, complying to the standards of IP67 and IK10 (Supported by some select models). Functions Smart CodecWith advanced scene-adaptive rate control algorithm, Dahua smart encoding technology realizes the higher encoding efficiency than H.265 and H.264, provides high-quality video, and reduces the cost of storage and transmission. WDRWith advanced Wide Dynamic Range (WDR) technology, Dahua network camera provides clear details in the environment of strong brightness contrast. The bright and dark area can get clear video even in high brightness environment or with backlight shadow. StarlightDahua Starlight technology mainly applies to the environment of low illuminance, and it can provide clear colorful video. Even in the environment of ultra-low illuminance, the technology can guarantee the good image effect. IVSWith advanced video algorithm, Dahua IVS technology supports intelligent functions, such as tripwire and intrusion. Protection (IP67, IK10, wide voltage)IP67: The camera passes a series of strict test on dust and soak. It has dust-proof function, and the enclosure can works normal after soaking in 1 m deep water for 30 minutes.IK10: The enclosure can stand the punch more than 5 times from a 5 kg hammer falling from a height of 40 cm (Impact energy is 20J).Wide voltage: The camera allows ±30% input voltage tolerance (wide voltage range), and it is widely applied to outdoor environment with instable voltage.
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Comprehensive and robust security programs and policies are required for adequate data security Over the last decade, we have entered a new era of physical and logical access control. We are now living in an increasingly mobile world where our phones do more than just make a simple call – employees can now open doors and enter secure areas, as well as access computers, corporate data networks and associated information assets with just a single mobile device. Furthermore, the cloud, and access to cloud-based services is becoming almost a fundamental requirement for businesses. This, combined with advanced personal cell phones such as NFC-enabled ones increasingly being used beyond conventional uses, is naturally driving a change in how organizations view, deliver and manage both data and physical security, explains Alan Davies VP Sales – EMEA, Identity Assurance, HID Global. A big change pertaining to access control management is that identity no longer needs to be restricted to a single plastic card or security token. We often think about identity solely in terms of the card or token that carries it; however with more and more companies placing accessible data in the cloud and allowing employees to use NFC-enabled smartphones for physical access purposes in the workplace, ‘identity’ is now taking many different shapes. For example, a smartphone being used as a ‘digital key’ to open doors and tag-in to work locations eliminates the need for employees to carry any other credentials. Of course, this raises questions about how to ensure that any assigned identities can be trusted. Fortunately, it is possible to manage virtualized credentials in the business environment. Take mobile for example. This can be done by implementing a trusted identity framework that creates a secure boundary within communications between the devices, such as when a smartphone interacts with an NFC reader or NFC enabled end-point device. It acts as a secure ‘vault’, that delivers the agreed corporate security policy to the devices in use. If this is accepted, then it is deemed to be trusted and the user is allowed access. Another benefit is that NFC-enabled physical access control makes it easier to track who is entering and exiting monitored access points throughout the workplace. Employers can then be assured that all endpoints and all of the systems in between are valid before allowing entry into the building. Data Protection and Management For organizations investing in the cloud, in order for them to unlock its true value, they need to address exactly where Security strategies should be customized to fit an organizations unique data protection needs sensitive data is stored and consider the user risk factor including the way in which they wish to access the information. Though the rise of the cloud for enterprise data storage and application-hosting has changed the way IT professionals interact with their users, networks and data, the fundamentals of data protection remain the same. What many organizations fail to realize is that a one-size-fits-all approach to data protection is insufficient. Traditionally, enterprises have focused on securing the network perimeter, and relied on static passwords to authenticate users internally, within the firewall or externally via a virtual private network (VPN). However, taking into account the diverse nature of modern threats – from Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) to ad hoc hacking and the internal risks that come with the mass adoption of BYOD– organizations are increasingly re-evaluating and re-assessing their IT security strategy to meet changing needs. Two-factor authentication measures have typically been confined to physical devices like one-time password (OTP) tokens and display cards, but thanks to a variety of technological advancements these are being replaced by ‘soft tokens’ that can be held directly on the user device such as a cell phone or tablet, or alternatively as browser-based tokens. Additionally, these mobile tokens can be combined with cloud app single-sign-on capabilities, to fulfill the same function of more classic two-factor authentication models while also providing convenient streamlined access to multiple cloud apps – all from one device. Merging Management of Logical and Physical Security Infrastructure Ultimately, the security landscape is constantly evolving and mobile access control as well remote data access to cloud based applications, is growing in significance, making the right security investment a more important decision than ever before. It is critical for enterprises to have an extremely secure mobile and cloud identity environment so that transactions between the employee-owned phones or corporate-issued devices and the door they intend to unlock, or network they access, are conducted in a secure manner. Merging the management of both logical and physical security infrastructures, so that their operations are conducted via one platform, is integral to keeping pace with the paradigm shift caused by technological advancements such as NFC. Furthermore, by deploying just one security device for both logical and physical access control , enterprises will not only realize cost savings, but will gain greater security control, as there will be a single point of revocation for all access rights. Building security systems that take into account the many routes to confidential data – whether at the physical door, on the network or in the cloud – is essential. Only by implementing comprehensive and robust and layered security programmes and policies that cover all three areas, while allowing for new technologies and applications, will organizations be confident that their data is adequately secure.
Resolution quality must be considered when assessing surveillance effectiveness Surveillance cameras are becoming more and more commonplace, especially in busy metropolitan locales. Police and detectives hope to reduce crime rates by keeping a watchful eye on civilians but CCTV has only been helpful in solving a small percentage of crimes. Mike Lewis, Country Manager UK for CCTV manufacturer MOBOTIX AG, highlights key considerations for improving the efficiency of existing surveillance systems.In May of 2008, Detective Chief Inspector Mike Neville, head of Scotland Yard's Visual Images, Identifications and Detections Office (Viido) became the UK's first senior police officer to challenge the misconception around CCTV's role in reducing crime. Speaking at Security Document World Conference in London, the Chief Inspector said: "Billions of pounds have been spent on kit, but no thought has gone into how the police are going to use the images and how they will be used in court. It's been an utter fiasco." Neville also pointed out that only 3 per cent of London's street robberies had been solved using CCTV images. A low figure considering the capital is one of the most densely populated areas of CCTV coverage anywhere in the world. Identifying problems with existing CCTV surveillance systems Mike Lewis, UK Country Manager for CCTV manufacturer Mobotix AG believes that the problem stems from a fundamental issue of image quality. "For many organizations CCTV is treated as a ‘check-box' item with little thought given to how a CCTV installation can help the police solve crimes. Criminals are not stupid and a deterrent is simply not enough; the technology has to be able to gather evidence to help the police secure convictions." Lewis points out that the majority of CCTV installations in the UK still use old analog technology with barely a fifth of the resolution found in a basic camera phone. "If a CCTV system, say covering a street outside a jewellers', captures a car pulling up and three men brandishing shotguns marching into the shop - unless you have the resolution to capture the license plate, or some distinguishing features of each masked robber, or audio capture to get a voice print - the system is pretty worthless." Mandating changes in surveillance video resolution requirements The industry also is "less than opaque" when it comes to selling CCTV in his view. "Many vendors will play down high resolution as not necessary or too expensive to implement without actually explaining that it is exactly these high resolution images and audio capture that will help police make successful prosecution where a grainy image would simply be thrown out of court." "Billions of pounds have been spent on kit, but no thought has gone into how the police are going to use the images and how they will be used in court" Lewis points to the continent as an example of where UK CCTV market needs to learn from. In France for example, under anti-terrorism laws pioneered after the 7/7 tube bombings in London, all government building and high risk areas are legally required to have CCTV of a high resolution and retain data for up to 30 days. In Germany, all banks are required to deploy high resolution CCTV to monitor customers, staff and financial transactions in every branch. [It will be very useful to define what is classified as "high resolution" or the minimum resolutions that are acceptable in these countries] MOBOTIX, which only sells fully-digital high resolution CCTV camera systems believes that the potential of CCTV to reduce crime won't be fulfilled unless either the government, police or even third parties such as insurers, licensing boards or trade associations insist that end users deploy a better resolution capture, coverage and video storage and retrieval. "There will be another wave of CCTV installation heading up to the Olympics, so as a nation, we have a perfect opportunity to set a CCTV standard that meets the needs of police, local government and end users to help us reduce crime and secure more prosecution off the back of CCTV evidence,"comments Lewis. Lewis believes CCTV would be able to help solve more crimes if they had higher resolutions "The technology is not the barrier and newer CCTV systems with hemispheric (360 degree) fields of view will allow end users to actually deploy fewer security cameras while maintaining better resolution and wider coverage - the problem is still trying to persuade people that CCTV can catch criminals and not just scare them away." Optimising CCTV for solving and prevention of crime Lewis offers some constructive suggestions on how to improve CCTV's effectiveness as a crime prevention and evidence gathering tool. "There are an estimated 4 million CCTV cameras in the UK but where they all are, what they record and accessibility to these video archives is mostly unknown - having a register of CCTV for use by the police would help them to quickly gather post incident evidence." The idea of CCTV built into the environment was the theme of the 200 Secured by Design' (SBD) initiative that has been adopted by parts of the building industry to promote crime prevention measures like CCTV in development design. The initiative was endorsed by the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO), and has the backing of the Home Office Crime Reduction Unit. However, for police gathering information after an incident, there is no easy way to locate CCTV installations in any given area. The industry also is "less than transparent" when it comes to selling CCTV in his view Most CCTV systems installed in the UK use a centralised approach. Each surveillance camera is effectively dumb with the image processing, access to footage and storage taking place at a remote location. In smaller environments, this could be a DVR simply recording everything on a 24-hour loop. In larger campuses or city centres, this is often a dedicated control room monitored 24 hours a day. Instead Lewis argues that a decentralised approach that places more intelligence into the CCTV camera would allow greater accessibility by third parties such as the police and emergency services. "With a decentralised system, private companies could allow the police to quickly add their local cameras into a centrally managed grid." In this method, if an incident occurs, the police CCTV control center could patch an instant video feed from the nearest available CCTV camera. With a decentralised approach, each CCTV camera becomes an access point on an IP network and can be shared by multiple agencies in a more cost effective approach. "This might sound a bit hi-tech, but it is technically possible," explains Lewis. To give an analogy, when the police receive a 999 call, the dispatcher is automatically informed of the location of the caller from the Caller Line Identification system which cross references a database of addresses of each of the 25 million public and private landlines installed in the UK. "A similar system where the police type in a post code and are presented with secure access to video feeds from all decentralised CCTV installations in an area would be a potentially society changing tool for fighting crime." High risk areas in France were legally required to have high resolution CCTV following London Tube bombings Considerations for realising CCTV's full security potential Lewis also believes: "All CCTV cameras should have a minimum mandated image quality with all information stored in a digital format for a minimum of 7 days that can be easily accessed by the police for evidence gathering." Many police forces around the country already have voluntary guidelines for business deploying CCTV and several have made CCTV installation a condition of alcohol or gaming licences. However this policy has successfully been challenged by landlords and upheld by Information Commissioner as potentially in conflict with the data protection act. Unfortunately, Lewis believes for any of these measures to work, there needs to be stronger backing from the government: "There is obviously a fear of creating an oppressive surveillance society but we have regulation for other areas like fire prevention, road safety, disabled access and a host of other health and safety issues - why CCTV, which has the potential to protect lives, is treated differently is a complete mystery to me." Mike LewisUK ManagerMobotix AG
Bandwidth is an important consideration for CCTV systems to reach their full potential Most surveillance systems today transmit data over IP networks. As manufacturers continue to improve the capabilities of CCTV systems, the amount of traffic traveling on a network becomes increasingly large. Bandwidth is a key consideration in managing surveillance systems and ensuring their full potential is reached. In this article, Bosch discusses the importance of bandwidth and how to estimate the amount of bandwidth needed for a particular CCTV system. What is bandwidth and why is it important? Modern-day CCTV systems increasingly use IP networks to send video from one point to another (for example, from a camera to a Video Management System typically running on a PC). IP networks are an attractive medium for transporting video because one cable can carry the video from many cameras. These networks also serve a multi-functional purpose because the same cable can carry video as well as two-way audio, alarm signals, relay signals, PTZ commands, and serial data. With Power over Ethernet, the cable can even carry power to the camera. This greatly simplifies the multitude of cables usually required. However, the network is limited by the amount of traffic it can carry - known as bandwidth, which is measured in bits per second (bps). The table below shows the three kinds of star-topology Ethernet networks in common use today. Name Also known as Bandwidth 10Base-T Standard Ethernet 10 Mbps (Megabits per second) 100Base-T Fast Ethernet 100 Mbps 1000Base-T Gigabit Ethernet 1,000 Mbps or 1 Gbps Video over IP consumes a large amount of bandwidth. As a rough guide, one camera might consume between 100 kbps and 2 Mbps - compare this to audio, which typically consumes only 80 kbps. This explains the immediate success of Voice over IP. The factors that affect bandwidth consumption are described in the table below. Factor Description Examples Video compression method Typically temporal or spatial compression MPEG-4, M-JPEG, Wavelet, and MPEG-2 Frame rate Images per second 1-30 IPS Image resolution The number of horizontal and vertical pixels QCIF, CIF, 2CIF, 4CIF (also known as full D1) Scene activity level The amount of activity in the camera's field of view Low, medium, and high Quiet time The fraction of time where there is no movement (important for temporal compression algorithms like MPEG-4 because neglibible bandwidth is consumed during quiet time) 8:00 pm - 6:00 am Monday - Friday, all day Saturday and Sunday, equates to about 50% quiet time If you run out of bandwidth on your network, you will start to experience the following: Video artefacts (e.g., blocks in MPEG and M-JPEG, and increased fuzziness in Wavelet) Frames may get dropped, making the video appear choppy The video resolution may drop from 4CIF to 2 CIF or even CIF, making the picture less clear The video may freeze entirely and lose the connection temporarily What is the relationship between bandwidth and disk storage? A single IP network cable can carry video from many surveillance cameras and also carry out multiple functions They are directly related. If video is being transmitted at a certain bit-rate across a network to be stored, then it will consume disk space at exactly the same rate. For example, a 1 Mbps video stream will use 1 Mb (Megabit) of space in one second, or about 1/8 = 0.125 Megabytes per second, which equates to 0.125 x 3,600 = 450 Megabytes per hour (about 11 GB per day or 75 GB per week). How do I know how much bandwidth I need? This is an excellent question, particularly because it is unanswerable with any certainty. As explained earlier, it depends on so many factors that you can really only estimate your bandwidth and/or rate of disk-space consumption. This initial guess is based on your experience with previous projects and it is useful - but the best way to predict your needs is to run the actual test. For example, consider planning an IP-based CCTV system for a school. How much bandwidth will the network need to carry for approximately 16 cameras, and how much disk space is required for seven days of recording? View larger image Graph showing results gained by capping the bit rate Capping the bit rate You can ‘cap' the bit rate of each IP camera or encoder so that it never uses more than that specified amount. Note that when capped, the actual bit-rate at any particular moment may be well below the ‘cap' limit. Advantage: Once you know the available disk space, you are guaranteed to get a predictable number of days of video. This is especially important for regulated environments. It is also good news for IT departments who want to know how much you are going to stress the network. Disadvantage: To not exceed the allowed bit rate, the IP camera or encoder has to do something if it finds itself over-stretched. Normally it has the option to either drop some of the frames or reduce the video resolution of the frames - but this can be an issue when the video quality you need has to be degraded under any circumstances. Unlimited bit rate View larger imageGraph showing the results of unlimited bit rate You can let the IP camera or encoder help itself to whatever bandwidth it needs. Advantage: Image quality never deteriorates. Disadvantage: Under certain conditions, the peak load on the IP network may cause problems. This "help yourself" policy also may allow disk space to be consumed faster than you anticipated, so you may not have as many days of video as you expected. Summary With conventional VCRs, it is easy to predict the amount of disk space required for a specified number of days of recording time. With DVRs and IP-based CCTV, it can also be easy to predict (by capping) - as long as you are comfortable with the possibility that the video quality may degrade under certain circumstances. If you overestimate your bit rates, you will end up paying for more storage than you need. The best way to predict your real needs is to pilot a small IP surveillance system (perhaps just one camera). Run it for a short while, then review the video and make any necessary adjustments. This is the most reliable way to get what you need and plan your infrastructure accordingly. In addition to better estimating, it is also important to remember the enormous value of Recording at the Edge, which keeps video off the network for recording. In such a scenario, the network is only used for live streaming and playback.View the Bandwidth quick reference guide Bosch Security Systems
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